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List of Medical Colleges in Various States

There has been a spurt in the number of medical colleges in India in recent years. There are several reasons for this phenomenon. Firstly, being a medical practitioner or doctor is considered the noblest profession in the world. After all, doctors can cure diseases and save lives. Second, doctors are highly paid and the profession is extremely lucrative. Third, medicine is the first and most preferred career choice for students after completing schooling.

However, medical colleges in India have their disadvantages as well, which we will be exploring later in this article. The aim of this article is to provide a comprehensive list of medical colleges in various states across India. In addition, we provide an overview of the quality of medical education across different states, so that you can have a better understanding before you take the plunge. Therefore, let’s get cracking.


BJ Medical College1. BJ Medical College, Ahmedabad: Affiliated to Gujarat University, B.J. Medical College (BJMC) is one of India’s largest medical institutes. Every year, the college offers admission to 250 students in more than 15 medicine branches (M.D.), five surgery branches (M.S.), super-specialty D.M. courses in three branches, M.Ch in 4 branches, and postgraduate (PG) diploma courses in 10 branches. In addition, non-medical students can opt for various health care degrees.

2. Government Medical College, Surat: This college is a tertiary care teaching hospital situated at the heart of Surat, the diamond city of Gujarat. With cutting-edge infrastructure and highly-qualified faculty, this college will provide aspiring doctors a perfect launch pad. Some of the most popular departments include Anatomy, Surgery, Pediatrics, Plastic Surgery and Psychiatry, to name a few.


Armed Forces Medical College1. Armed Forces Medical College, Pune: Effectively governed by the Indian Armed Forces, this college was founded in 1948 after the second World War. Armed Forces Medical College (AFMC) is a premier and prestigious college and a top-ranked medical institute in India. The college, over the course of years, has created top-notch “doctor soldiers.” The focus of the college is to provide world-class training to medical postgraduates and undergraduates, nursing cadets, paramedical staff, and dental postgraduates.

2. Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed University Medical College, Pune: Bharati Vidyapeeth comprises of a group of educational institutes, which was established in Pune by Patangrao Kadam in the year 1964 with the aim to intellectually awaken young minds through high-quality education. With its humble and modest beginning, Bharati Vidyapeeth today has campuses spread across the length and breadth of Maharashtra. What’s more, it has a campus in New Delhi, too.

Tamil Nadu

Christian Medical College1. Christian Medical College, Vellore: This college’s vision is to be a witness to the healing ministry of Christ through excellence in research, education and service. Some of the most popular post-doctoral and postgraduate fellowship courses include Fellowship in Analytical Clinical Pharmacology, Fellowship in HIV medicine, and Diploma in Allergy & Asthma. Its distance education courses include Family Medicine and Diabetes Management.

2. SRM University, Chennai: This university is spread across an astonishing 250 acres with an abundance of greenery. The University infrastructure is first rate and the facilities are world-class, to say the least. The campus is dotted with plenty of artworks like paintings and sculptures that serve as a source of relaxation and inspiration. Some of the best-of-the-best facilities include video conferencing, wireless-enabled campus and laboratory, and a massive Central Library. To top it all, the University boasts of a capacious auditorium that can accommodate 4500 spectators.


Bangalore Medical College and Research Institute1. Bangalore Medical College and Research Institute, Bangalore: Popularly called BMC, this medical college is run by the Government of Karnataka. The college offers a prestigious undergraduate MBBS and Paramedical courses. What’s more, 135 seats are reserved for post-graduate courses such as M.D. and M.S. Moreover, the college is renowned for its super-speciality courses such as M.Ch and Diploma courses. The icing on the cake is the post-doctoral fellowship courses in Gastroenterology and Vitreo-Retinal surgery.

2. Kasturba Medical College, Manipal: According to some surveys, Kasturba Medical College (KMC) is one of the top three Indian medical colleges, the other being AIIMS, New Delhi and Christian Medical College, Vellore. It is interesting to note that KMC was the first self-financing medical institute in the country. The college plays host to international students, and the renowned MBBS degree has a worldwide recognition. The college boasts of first-rate amenities and a vibrant atmosphere where studies and extra-curricular studies co-exist.


All India Institute of Medical Sciences1. All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Jodhpur: AIIMS Jodhpur is a medical college and medical research university. The institute operates autonomously under the Government of India’s Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. The college is situated in the heart of Jodhpur and was founded in 2004. The first academic session lasted between 2012 and 2013. The first batch comprised of 50 students, and OPD services began from July 27, 2013.

2. Dr Sampurnananda Medical College, Jodhpur: This college is fondly called SNMC by its students, faculty, and alumni. The college offers post-graduation in 19 disciplines. It functions as a leading tertiary care center and trauma center in the Western region of Rajasthan. As many as 150 students are accommodated each year for the prestigious MBBS program.


National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research1. National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, Hyderabad: NIPER Hyderabad is a public Pharmacy Research University and an integral part of the 7 schools under Government of India’s Ministry of Chemical and Fertilizers. The institute is renowned for its Doctoral and Masters programs. What’s more, it is considered an Institute of National Importance. The institute offers a 2-year postgraduate course, MS (Pharm) in four major disciplines, including Pharmaceutical Analysis and Pharmaceutics, Toxicology, Pharmacology, and Medicinal Chemistry.

2. Gandhi Medical College, Secunderabad: The prestigious courses offered by this renowned institute include Doctor of Medicine (MD), Master of Surgery (MS), Bachelor of Medicine and Surgery (MBBS), Bachelors in Physical Therapy (BPT), as well as B.Sc courses in nursing and paramedical specialties. Every year 200 students are enrolled for the MBBS degree. The several college departments include Microbiology, Biochemistry, Community Medicine, Pharmacology, Pathology, Forensic Medicine, Physiology, and Anatomy.

Uttar Pradesh

Aligarh Muslim University1. Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh: This institute evolved from the Mohammedan Anglo-Oriental (MAO) college, which was founded by Sir Syed Ahmad Khan, a great social reformer and visionary. Since inception, the University has welcomed students from all communities and countries. Spread across a mammoth 467.6 hectares in the city of Aligarh, the university offers nearly 300 courses. Among the top 20 research institutes in the country, Aligarh Muslim University ranks 8th. The primary facilities include a well-stocked Central Library, state-of-the-art Computer Center, University Health Services for both faculty and students, and separate hostels for boys and girls. The University is famous for its various clubs, such as Hindustani Music Club, Drama Club, Fine Arts Club, Literary Club, Fusion Music Club, amongst others.

2. Chhatrapati Shahu Ji Maharaj University, Kanpur: Formerly known as Kanpur University, Chhatrapati Shahu Ji Maharaj University (CSJMU) is a public, state University, located in Uttar Pradesh. The University offers a plethora of academic and professional courses in several disciplines, including Medicine, Management, Biotechnology, and Law, to name a few. Sprawling across 264 acres, the University is renowned for its top-notch facilities, such as Auditorium, Multipurpose Hall, Lecture Hall Complex, International Center, Hostels, Guests House, Computer Center, Central Library, Cafeteria, and Bank. To top it all, it even boasts of a helipad.


Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology1. Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology, Trivandrum: This college is often referred to by its abbreviation, which is SCTIMST. Founded in 1973, it is an institute of national importance. The focus of the institute is on patient care and health research studies that are of social relevance. The primary stress is on setting-up of facilities, including deep brain stimulation for movement disorders, microsurgery, pre-surgical evaluation and surgery for epilepsy, cardiac electro-physiology, and interventional radiology.

2. Calicut Medical College, Calicut: Calicut Medical College is a premier institution in the state of Kerala. The college’s campus is home to several renowned institutions that include Government Nursing College, Government Dental College, Institute of Maternal and Child Health, College of Pharmacy, Institute of Chest Diseases, and a massive Super-Specialty Block.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Medical Colleges Across India


  • Efficient management

  • Latest surgical techniques, procedures, investigations, and medical advances

  • Small class sizes

  • Opportunity to turn faculty members into mentors

  • Strong connections with alumni

  • Scholarships and grants for outstanding students


  • Tough Entrance Exams

  • Expensive Fees

  • Average Pass Rate

  • Less hands-on-training in surgery

  • Inadequate teaching

  • Less focus on imparting skills

Quality of Medical Education across Several States in India

Quality of Medical Education Medical education in India is known for tinkering the curriculum continuously, failing to realize larger educational objectives. The need of the hour for medical schools is creating an environment that is learner centered that makes it possible for self-directed, active learning under the close guidance of trained faculty members. Disadvantages of the present teaching program include teacher-oriented, lecture-based approach, poor development of students’ skills, and depriving students of active learning through less clinical content. Other problem areas include information overload due to expansion in knowledge and isolated teaching of subjects.

Most states across India are poorly-equipped to adequately cover the following:

  • Communication skills

  • Medical ethics

  • Management skills

  • Behavioral skills

To add to the woes, there is a lack of facilities to train medical students for postgraduate entrance tests. Moreover, there is lack of training in utilizing Information Technology in order to gather current scientific evidence.

One of the most primary features of medical education in India is the quick expansion of the private sector, which has led to two vital issues:

  • Inequality across states in the creation and distribution of medical practitioners

  • Supplying of poor-quality doctors to the vast health workers’ pool across states

Most states across India are poorly-equipped to adequately cover the followingThe medical institutions that have sprung up in India’s private sector have a higher concentration in upscale provinces, thus catering to the requirements of an urban population. In the four southern states of Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, and Kerala, not only there has been a spurt in private medical education, the standards of education, too, have improved. In comparison, states such as Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Jharkhand, and Chhattisgarh lag behind in medical education despite poor health indicators. It is interesting to note that in Jharkhand all 3 medical colleges that exist were founded in the 1960s, with no more addition to the list after that.

The lack of even distribution of medical institutes has led to severe imbalances with regard to the health system across states, both in creation of doctors as well as training and education. The density of doctor in rural regions across all states of India shows considerable variation in comparison with those in urban areas. This makes it extremely challenging for rural patients to gain access to high-quality healthcare.

It is vital to note that public expenditure on health in states with fewer private medical colleges is remarkably less. What’s worse, quality of medical education, research, and training go for a toss. It can be seen that some of the Northern and Eastern states are not provided adequate support by the government as well as private institutions in establishing new world-class medical colleges. Thus, it can be inferred that in these states the quality of medical educational will deteriorate severely.

A detailed analysis, according to state and ownership, of medical colleges shows that in 2014, nearly 2/3rd of the total medical institutes in the southern states are owned and controlled by private sector, and the share exceeds 70% in Kerala, Pondicherry, and Karnataka. Similar trends are seen with regard to student intake in these states.

Unchecked, rapid development of medical education in the private sector and poor implementation of regulations that relate to admissions, strength of faculty, medical colleges’ infrastructure significantly impact training quality in medical colleges across Indian states.

It is acknowledged that the Medical Council of India (MCI) as well as state medical councils have failed to establish high-quality education in medical institutes, especially those run by the private sector. Because of immense competition between private medical colleges, tuition fees have increased manifold. Therefore, quality of medical colleges goes for a toss because instead of merit, a student with high-paying capacity has a better chance of gaining entry into these colleges. This will ultimately mean that those graduating from private medical colleges may set lower benchmarks in the medical fraternity. Private medical colleges have a major faculty vacuum, poor labs, and patient load, all of which have led to poor quality education and production of poorly-skilled workforce in the health sector.

There is severe shortage of teachers in medical colleges, which has a deep impact on the quality of medical education. Another factor that plays a positive role in enhancing quality of medical education is the curriculum. Sadly, the states score low on this front as well. Most states have a curriculum that fails to impart vital skills and competencies to students.


ConclusionThere are many factors to consider before choosing a medical college or university. What may be your ideal college may not be appealing to your friend. Hence, it is wise to conduct a proper research of the college before you have a go in the field of medicine. As can be seen, these medical colleges have their share of advantages and disadvantages. In addition, we have seen how the quality of medical education varies across states, despite entry of private medical colleges. Both government and private colleges are plagued by a host of problems that ultimately hamper medical education across states. The end loser is the patient.



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