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IRREGULAR DECREASE IN FIRST IONIZATION ENTHALPY IN D BLOCK .WHY

IRREGULAR DECREASE IN FIRST IONIZATION ENTHALPY IN D BLOCK .WHY

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1 Answers

SAHIL
3783 Points
4 years ago
The irregular trend in the first ionisation enthalpy of the 3d metals, though of little chemical significance, can be accounted by considering that the removal of one electron alters the relative energies of 4s and 3d-orbitals.
the increasing ionization enthalpies are due to increased nuclear charge with increase in atomic number which reduces the size of atom making the removal of outer electron difficult..... 
the irregular trend in 3d series is due to the fact that the removal of electrons alters the relative energies of 4s and 3d orbitals....thus there is a reorganisation energy accompanying ionisation ...this results into the release of exchange energy which increases as the number of electrons increases in the d^n configuration and also from the transference of s-electrons into d-orbitals

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