Chapter 7: Factorization Exercise – 7.8

Question: 1Resolve of the following quadratic equation trinomials into factors:

2x

^{2 }+ 5x + 3

Solution:The given expression is 2x

^{2 }+ 5x + 3.(Co-efficient of x

^{2 }= 2, co-efficient of x = 5 and the constant term = 3)We will split the co-efficient of x into two parts such that their sum is 5 and their product equals to the product of the co-efficient of x

^{2}and the constant term, i.e., 2 × 3 = 6.Now,

2 + 3 = 5 And 2 × 3 = 6

Replacing the middle term 5x by 2x + 3x, we have:

2x

^{2 }+ 5x + 3 = 2x^{2 }+ 2x + 3x + 3= (2x

^{2 }+ 2x) + (3x + 3)= 2x (x + 1) + 3 (x + 1)

= (2x + 3) (x + 1)

Question: 2Resolve of the following quadratic equation trinomials into factors:

2x

^{2 }- 3x - 2

Solution:The given expression is 2x

^{2 }– 3x – 2.(Co-efficient of x

^{2 }= 2, co-efficient of x = -3 and the constant term = -2)We will split the co-efficient of x into two parts such that their sum is -3 and their product equals to the product of the co-efficient of x

^{2}and the constant term, i.e., 2 × (-2) = - 4Now,

(- 4) + 1 = - 3 And (- 4) × 1 = – 4

Replacing the middle term 3x by – 4x + x, we have:

2x

^{2 }- 3x - 2 = 2x^{2 }- 4x + x -2= (2x

^{2 }– 4x) + (x - 2)= 2x(x - 2) + 1(x – 2)

= (x – 2)(2x + 1)

Question: 3Resolve of the following quadratic equation trinomials into factors:

3x

^{2 }+ 10x + 3

Solution:The given expression is 3x

^{2 }+ 10x + 3.(Co-efficient of x

^{2 }= 3, co-efficient of x = 10 and the constant term = 3)We will split the co-efficient of x into two parts such that their sum is 10 and their product equals to the product of the co-efficient of x

^{2}and the constant term, i.e., 3 × 3 = 9Now,

9 + 1 = 10 And 9 × 1 = 9

Replacing the middle term 10x by 9x + x, we have:

3x

^{2 }+ 10x + 3 = 3x^{2 }+ 9x + x + 3= (3x

^{2 }+ 9x) + (x + 3)= 3x(x + 3) + 1(x + 3)

= (x + 3)(3x + 1)

Question: 4Resolve of the following quadratic equation trinomials into factors:

7x – 6 – 2x

^{2}

Solution:The given expression is 7x – 6 – 2x

^{2}.(Co-efficient of x

^{2 }= -2, co-efficient of x = 7 and the constant term = – 6)We will split the co-efficient of x into two parts such that their sum is 7 and their product equals to the product of the co-efficient of x

^{2}and the constant term, i.e., (-2) × (- 6) = 12Now,

4 + 3 = 7 And 4 × 3 = 12

Replacing the middle term 7x by 4x + 3x, we have:

7x - 6 - 2x

^{2 }= -2x^{2 }+ 4x + 3x - 6= (-2x

^{2 }+ 4x) + (3x – 6)= 2x (2 - x) – 3(2 - x)

= (2x – 3) (2 – x)

Question: 5Resolve of the following quadratic equation trinomials into factors:

7x

^{2 }– 19x – 6

Solution:The given expression is 7x

^{2 }– 19x – 6.(Co-efficient of x

^{2 }= 7, co-efficient of x = -19 and the constant term = – 6)We will split the co-efficient of x into two parts such that their sum is -19 and their product equals to the product of the co-efficient of x

^{2}and the constant term, i.e., 7 × (– 6) = 9Now,

(-21) + 2 = -19 And (-21) × 2 = - 42

Replacing the middle term -19x by -21x + 2x, we have:

7x

^{2 }– 19x – 6 = 7x^{2 }– 21x + 2x -6= (7x

^{2 }– 21x) + (2x – 6)= 7x(x – 3) + 2(x – 3)

= (x – 3) (7x + 2)

Question: 6Resolve of the following quadratic equation trinomials into factors:

28 – 31x – 5x

^{2}

Solution:The given expression is 28 – 31x – 5x

^{2}.(Co-efficient of x

^{2 }= -5, co-efficient of x = -31 and the constant term = 28)We will split the co-efficient of x into two parts such that their sum is -31 and their product equals to the product of the co-efficient of x

^{2}and the constant term, i.e., ( -5 ) × ( 28 ) = -140Now,

(-35) + 4 = -31 And (-35) × 4 = -140

Replacing the middle term -31x by -35x + 4x, we have:

28 – 31x – 5x

^{2 }= -5x^{2 }– 35x + 4x + 28= (-5x

^{2 }– 35x) + (4x + 28)= -5x(x + 7) + 4(x + 7)

= (4 - 5x)(x + 7)

Question: 7Resolve of the following quadratic equation trinomials into factors:

3 + 23y – 8y

^{2}

Solution:The given expression is 3 + 23y – 8y

^{2}.(Co-efficient of y

^{2 }= -8, co-efficient of y = 23 and the constant term = 3)We will split the co-efficient of x into two parts such that their sum is 23 and their product equals to the product of the co-efficient of x

^{2}and the constant term, i.e., ( -8 ) × 3 = -24Now,

(-1) + 24 = 23 And (-1) × 24 = -24

Replacing the middle term 23y by -y + 24y, we have:

3 + 23y – 8y

^{2 }= -8y^{2 }– y + 24y + 3= (-8y

^{2 }– y) + (24y + 3)= – y(8y + 1) + 3(8y + 1)

= (8y + 1)( y + z)

Question: 8Resolve of the following quadratic equation trinomials into factors:

11x

^{2 }– 54x + 63

Solution:The given expression is 11x

^{2 }– 54x + 63.(Co-efficient of x

^{2 }= 11, co-efficient of x = – 54 and the constant term = 63)We will split the co-efficient of x into two parts such that their sum is -19 and their product equals to the product of the co-efficient of x

^{2}and the constant term, i.e., 11 × 63 = 693Now,

(-33) + (-21) =- 54 And (-33) × (-21) = 693

Replacing the middle term -54x by -33x – 21x, we have:

11x

^{2 }– 54x + 63 = 11x^{2 }– 33x – 21x + 63= (11x

^{2 }– 33x) + (-21x + 63)= 11x(x – 3) - 21(x – 3)

= (x - 3)( 11x - 21)

Question: 9Resolve of the following quadratic equation trinomials into factors:

7x – 6x

^{2 }+ 20

Solution:The given expression is 7x – 6x

^{2 }+ 20.(Co-efficient of x

^{2 }= -6, co-efficient of x = 7 and the constant term = 20)We will split the co-efficient of x into two parts such that their sum is -19 and their product equals to the product of the co-efficient of x

^{2}and the constant term, i.e., (– 6) × 20 = – 120Now,

(15) + (- 8) = 7 And (15) × (-8) = -120

Replacing the middle term 7x by 15x - 8x, we have:

7x – 6x

^{2 }+ 20 = – 6x^{2 }+ 15x - 8x + 20= (-6x

^{2 }+ 15x) + (- 8x + 20)= 3x (-2x + 5) + 4(- 2x + 5)

= (-2x + 5)(3x + 4)

Question: 10Resolve of the following quadratic equation trinomials into factors:

3x

^{2 }+ 22x + 35

Solution:The given expression is 3x

^{2 }+ 22x + 35.(Co-efficient of x

^{2 }= 3, co-efficient of x = 22 and the constant term = 35)We will split the co-efficient of x into two parts such that their sum is -19 and their product equals to the product of the co-efficient of x

^{2}and the constant term, i.e., 3 × 35 = 105Now,

(15) + (7) = 22 And (15) × (7) = 105

Replacing the middle term 22x by 15x + 7x, we have:

3x

^{2 }+ 22x + 35 = 3x^{2 }+ 15x + 7x + 35= (3x

^{2 }+ 15x) + (7x + 35)= 3x(x + 5) + 7(x + 5)

= (x + 5)( 3x + 7)

Question: 11Resolve of the following quadratic equation trinomials into factors:

12x

^{2 }– 17xy + 6y^{2}

Solution:The given expression is 12x

^{2 }– 17xy + 6y^{2}.(Co-efficient of x

^{2 }= 12, co-efficient of x = -17y and the constant term = 6y^{2})We will split the co-efficient of x into two parts such that their sum is -17y and their product equals to the product of the co-efficient of x

^{2}and the constant term, i.e., 12 × 6y^{2}= 72y^{2}Now,

(-9y) + (-8y) = -17y And (-9y) × (-8y) = 72y

^{2}Replacing the middle term -17xy by -9xy – 8xy, we have:

12x

^{2 }– 17xy + 6y^{2 }= 12x^{2 }– 9xy – 8xy + 6y^{2}= (12x

^{2 }– 9xy) – (8xy + 6y^{2})= 3x(4x – 3y) -2y(4x – 3y)

= (4x – 3y)( 3x – 2y)

Question: 12Resolve of the following quadratic equation trinomials into factors:

6x

^{2 }– 5xy – 6y^{2}

Solution:The given expression is 6x

^{2 }– 5xy – 6y^{2}.(Co-efficient of x

^{2 }= 6, co-efficient of x = -5y and the constant term = – 6y^{2})We will split the co-efficient of x into two parts such that their sum is -17y and their product equals to the product of the co-efficient of x

^{2}and the constant term, i.e., 6 × (– 6y^{2}) = –36y^{2}Now,

(-9y) + (4y) = - 5y And (-9y) × (4y) = -36y

^{2}Replacing the middle term -5xy by -9xy + 4xy, we have:

6x

^{2 }– 5xy – 6y^{2 }= 6x^{2 }– 9xy + 4xy – 6y^{2}= (6x

^{2 }– 9xy) + (4xy – 6y^{2})= 3x(2x – 3y) + 2y(2x – 3y)

= (2x – 3y)(3x + 2y)

Question: 13Resolve of the following quadratic equation trinomials into factors:

6x

^{2 }– 13xy + 2y^{2}

Solution:The given expression is 6x

^{2 }– 13xy + 2y^{2}.(Co-efficient of x

^{2 }= 6, co-efficient of x = -13y and the constant term = 2y^{2})We will split the co-efficient of x into two parts such that their sum is -13y and their product equals to the product of the co-efficient of x

^{2}and the constant term, i.e., 6 × ( 2y^{2}) = 12y^{2}Now,

(-12y) + (-y) = -13y And (-12y) × (-y) = 12y

^{2}Replacing the middle term -13xy by -12xy – xy, we have:

6x

^{2 }– 13xy + 2y^{2 }= 6x^{2 }– 12xy – xy + 2y^{2}= (6x

^{2 }– 12xy) – (xy – 2y^{2})= 6x(x – 2y) – y(x – 2y)

= (x – 2y)(6x – y)

Question: 14Resolve of the following quadratic equation trinomials into factors:

14x

^{2 }+ 11xy – 15y^{2}

Solution:The given expression is 14x

^{2 }+ 11xy – 15y^{2}.(Co-efficient of x

^{2 }= 14, co-efficient of x = 11y and the constant term = -15y^{2})We will split the co-efficient of x into two parts such that their sum is 11y and their product equals to the product of the co-efficient of x

^{2}and the constant term, i.e., 14 × (-15y^{2}) = -210y^{2}Now,

(21y) + (-10y) = 11y And (21y) × (-10y) = -210y

^{2}Replacing the middle term -11xy by -10xy + 21 xy, we have:

14x

^{2 }+ 11xy – 15y^{2 }= 14x^{2 }– 10xy + 21xy – 15y^{2}= (14x

^{2 }– 10xy) + (21xy – 15y^{2})= 2x(7x – 5y) + 3y(7x – 5y)

= (7x – 5y)(2x + 3y)

Question: 15Resolve of the following quadratic equation trinomials into factors:

6a

^{2 }+ 17ab – 3b^{2}

Solution:The given expression is 6a

^{2 }+ 17ab – 3b^{2}.(Co-efficient of a

^{2 }= 6, co-efficient of a = 17b and the constant term = – 3b^{2})We will split the co-efficient of x into two parts such that their sum is 17b and their product equals to the product of the co-efficient of a

^{2}and the constant term, i.e., 6 × (-3b^{2}) = -18b^{2}Now,

(18b) + (-b) = 17b And (18b) × (-b) = -18b

^{2}Replacing the middle term 17ab by -ab + 18ab, we have:

6a

^{2 }+ 17ab – 3b^{2 }= 6a^{2 }-ab + 18ab - 3b^{2}= (6a

^{2 }– ab) + (18ab – 3b^{2})= a(6a – b) + 3b(6a – b)

= (a + 3b)(6a – b)

Question: 16Resolve of the following quadratic equation trinomials into factors:

36a

^{2 }+ 12abc – 15b^{2}c^{2}

Solution:The given expression is 36a

^{2 }+ 12abc – 15b^{2}c^{2}.(Co-efficient of a

^{2 }= 36, co-efficient of a = 12bc and the constant term = -15b^{2 }c^{2})We will split the co-efficient of x into two parts such that their sum is 17b and their product equals to the product of the co-efficient of a

^{2}and the constant term, i.e., 36 × ( -15b^{2}c^{2}) = -540b^{2}c^{2}Now,

(-18bc) + 30bc = 12bc And (-18bc) × (30bc) = - 540b

^{2}c^{2}Replacing the middle term 12abc by -18abc + 30abc, we have:

36a

^{2 }+ 12abc – 15b^{2}c^{2 }= 36a^{2 }-18abc + 30abc – 15b^{2}c^{2}= (36a

^{2 }-18abc) + (30abc – 15b^{2}c^{2})= 18a(2a – bc) + 15bc( 2a – bc)

= 3(6a + 5bc)(2a – bc)

Question: 17Resolve of the following quadratic equation trinomials into factors:

15x

^{2 }– 16xyz – 15y^{2}z^{2}

Solution:The given expression is 15x

^{2 }– 16xyz – 15y^{2}z^{2}.(Co-efficient of x

^{2 }= 15, co-efficient of x = -16yz and the constant term = -15y^{2 }z^{2})We will split the co-efficient of x into two parts such that their sum is -16yz and their product equals to the product of the co-efficient of x

^{2}and the constant term, i.e., 15 × ( -15y^{2}z^{2}) = -225y^{2}z^{2}Now,

(-25yz) + 9yz = -16yx And (-25yz) × (9yz) = -225y

^{2}z^{2}Replacing the middle term -16xyz by -25xyz + 9xyz, we have:

15x

^{2 }- 16xyz – 15y^{2}z^{2 }= 15x^{2 }– 25xyz + 9xyz – 15y^{2}z^{2}= (15x

^{2 }- 25xyz) + (9xyz – 15y^{2}z^{2})= 5x(3x – 5yz) + 3yz(3x – 5yz)

= (3x – 5yz)(5x + 3yz)

Question: 18Resolve of the following quadratic equation trinomials into factors:

(x – 2y)

^{2}– 5(x – 2y) + 6

Solution:The given expression is a

^{2}– 5a + 6.Assuming a = x – 2y, we have:

(x – 2y)

^{2}– 5( x – 2y) + 6 = a^{2}– 5a + 6(Co-efficient of a

^{2}= 1, co-efficient of a = -5 and the constant term = 6)Now, we will split the co-efficient of a into two parts such that their sum is -5 and their product equals to the product of the co-efficient of a

^{2}and the constant term, i.e., 1 × 6 = 6.Clearly,

(-2) + (-3) = – 5 And, (-2) × (-3) = 6

Replacing the middle term -5a by -2a – 3a, we have:

a

^{2}– 5a + 6 = a^{2}– 2a – 3a + 6= (a

^{2}– 2a) – (3a – 6)= a( a – 2) – 3 (a – 2)

= (a – 2)(a – 3)

Replacing a by (x – 2y), we get:

(a – 3)(a – 2) = (x – 2y – 3)(x -2y – 2)

Question: 19Resolve of the following quadratic equation trinomials into factors:

(2a – b )

^{2}+ 2(2a – b) – 8

Solution:Assuming x = 2a – b, we have:

(2a – b )

^{2}+ 2(2a – b) – 8 = x^{2}+ 2x – 8The given expression becomes x

^{2}+ 2x – 8(Co-efficient of x

^{2}= 1 and that of x = 2; constant term = -8)Now, we will split the co-efficient of x into two parts such that their sum is 2 and their product equals the product of the co-efficient of x

^{2}and the constant term, i.e., 1 × (- 8) = – 8Clearly,

(-2) + 4 = 2 And, (-2) × 4 = -8

Replacing the middle term 2x by -2x + 4x, we get:

x

^{2}+ 2x – 8 = x^{2}– 2x + 4x – 8= (x

^{2}– 2x) + (4x – 8)= x(x – 2) + 4 (x – 2)

= (x – 2)(x + 4)

Replacing x by 2a – b, we get:

(x + 4)(x – 2) = (2a – b + 4)(2a – b – 2)