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illustrate with equations h\the preparation of alkanes by grignard synthesis

illustrate with equations h\the preparation of alkanes by grignard synthesis

Grade:11

1 Answers

Raheema Javed
156 Points
6 years ago
The Grignard reaction is an organometallic chemical reaction in which alkyl, vinyl, or aryl-magnesium halides (Grignard reagents) add to a carbonyl group in an aldehyde or ketone. This reaction is an important tool for the formation of carbon–carbon bonds. The reaction of an organic halide with magnesium is not a Grignard reaction, but provides a Grignard reagent.
258-766_500px-Grignard_Reaction_Scheme.png

Reaction Mechanism
The Grignard reagent functions as a nucleophile, attacking the electrophilic carbon atom that is present within the polar bond of a carbonyl group. The addition of the Grignard reagent to the carbonyl typically proceeds through a six-membered ring transition state.
258-2198_600px-Grignard-Reaction_Mechanism.png

However, with hindered Grignard reagents, the reaction may proceed by single-electron transfer. Similar pathways are assumed for other reactions of Grignard reagents, e.g., in the formation of carbon–phosphorus, carbon–tin, carbon–silicon, carbon–boron and other carbon–heteroatom bonds.

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