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Grade: 12th pass


A particle is hanging from a fixed point O by means of a string of length a.there is a small nail Q in the same horizontal line with O at a distance between(b=a/3) from O.find the minimum velocity with which the particle should be projected so that it may make a complete revolution around the nail without being slackened.

2 years ago

Answers : (1)

24742 Points
Dear student
Here we have to find the velocity of particle at the lowest position required to complete the constrained motion arround the nail
Firstly we know that the velocity required to complete 90° is sqrt(2ga) 
Total kinetic energy decrease to complete 90 of the circle of radius a K1 = 1/2mv
now the radius of particle is decreased to 2a/3 
so , we know that the velocity required to complete a circle with radius R is /{sqrt{5gr}}
so here R =2a/3  v at
Lets take it as a completely rotational motion about point O and Q.
by energy conservation(wb representa angular velocity at the bottom (ZPL) and wT represents the velocity at the top)
(1/2)I1wb= mg(a+2a/3) + (1/2)I2wT2  ...(1)
Simplify it to get  
(1/2)(ma2)wb= mg(a+2a/3) + (1/2)(m(2a/3)2)wT
put values I= ma2 ; I=m(2a/3)2 .
here we need to find wb , so we will eleminate w:
at the top the Tension just tends to 0
Therefore, mwT2(2a/3) = mg
Now, substitute the value of mwT(2a/3) in equation 1 :
(1/2)(ma2)wb= mg(5a/3)+(1/2)(mg(2a/3))
Solve this to get :
So the velocity at bottom will be 
Vb = 2{\sqrt{ga}}
2 years ago
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