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Grade: 12


How do we know the hybidisation of coordination compd. on the basis of Valence Bond Theory. Pls reply urgently

9 years ago

Answers : (1)

AKASH GOYAL AskiitiansExpert-IITD
419 Points

Dear Student

I) The metal ligand bond arises by donation of pair of electrons by ligands to the central metal atom.

II) To accommodate these electrons the metal ion must possess requisite number of vacant orbitals of equal energy. These orbitals of the metal atom undergo hybridisation to give hybrid orbitals.

III) Sometimes the unpaired (n-1)d orbitals pair up before bond formation making (n-1)d orbitals vacant. The central metal atom makes available number of d-orbitals equal to its co-ordination number.

iv) The metal ligand bonds are thus formed by donation of electron pairs by the ligands to the empty hybridized orbitals. These bonds are equal in strength and directional in nature.

v) Octahadral, square planar and tetrahedral complexes are formed as a result of d2sp3 (or sp3 d2), dsp2 and sp3 hybridization respectively.


Octahedral Complexes


Tetrahedral Complexes

     The tetrahedral arrangement of four ligands surrounding the metal ions.

Square Planar Complexes



All the best.                                                           


AskiitiansExpert-IIT Delhi


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9 years ago
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