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what is parallex method?

what is parallex method?

Grade:12th Pass

1 Answers

bharathteja p
74 Points
9 years ago

Measuring the Parallax Angle

The parallax angle p is illustrated in the following figure.

 

The parallax angle p

 

If this angle, which corresponds to a small shift in apparent position on the celestial sphere because of the differing vantage points as the Earth moves around its orbit, can be measured accurately, the distance can then be determined from simple trigonometry.

Limitations on Parallax Measurements 

Unfortunately, the parallax angle is very small because of the great distances to stars. Thus, only for the more nearby stars can it be measured reliably. Roughly speaking, ground-based telescopes can only measure parallax reliably for stars that are within a few hundred light years from us (the light year is defined below). Telescopes above the atomosphere such as the Hubble Telescope can measure smaller parallax shifts and thus larger distance, but even in that case the most distant objects for which distance can be determined by parallax of a few thousand light years away.

For more distant objects the parallax is simply too small to measure and we must turn to other less direct methods to determine distance.

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