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what is the contribution of aristotle andpliny the elder to artificial system of classification

what is the contribution of aristotle andpliny the elder to artificial system of classification
 

Grade:11

1 Answers

Anjali Ahuja
askIITians Faculty 240 Points
2 years ago
Hello Student

Artificial System of Classification is a system of classification which uses one or two morphological character for grouping of organisms.Some artificial system have used habit and habitat for this purpose. Aristotle (c 350 BC) divided animals into two categories, enaima (with red blood) and anaima (without red blood). Aristotle also classified animals on the basis of their habitat- aquatic (e.g, fish, whale), terrestrial (e.g, reptiles, cattle) and aerial (e.g. birds, bat). Pliny the Elder (23-79 A.D.) used artificial system of classification for both plants and animals dividing them into land, air and water. Pliny distinguished animals into flight band nonflight ones. Flight animals included bats, birds and insects.

I hope it helps!

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