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Collect information about sexually transmitted disease

Collect information about sexually transmitted disease
 

Grade:12

1 Answers

Harshit Singh
askIITians Faculty 5969 Points
8 months ago
Dear Student

Overview

Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) — or sexually transmitted infections (STIs) — are generally acquired by sexual contact. The organisms (bacteria, viruses or parasites) that cause sexually transmitted diseases may pass from person to person in blood, semen, or vaginal and other bodily fluids.

Sometimes these infections can be transmitted nonsexually, such as from mother to infant during pregnancy or childbirth, or through blood transfusions or shared needles.

STDsdon't always cause symptoms. It's possible to contract sexually transmitted diseases from people who seem perfectly healthy and may not even know they have an infection.

Symptoms

Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) or sexually transmitted infections (STIs) can have a range of signs and symptoms, including no symptoms. That's why they may go unnoticed until complications occur or a partner is diagnosed. Signs and symptoms that might indicate anSTIinclude:

Sores or bumps on the genitals or in the oral or rectal area
Painful or burning urination
Discharge from the penis
Unusual or odd-smelling vaginal discharge
Unusual vaginal bleeding
Pain during sex
Sore, swollen lymph nodes, particularly in the groin but sometimes more widespread
Lower abdominal pain
Fever
Rash over the trunk, hands or feet

Signs and symptoms may appear a few days after exposure, or it may take years before you have any noticeable problems, depending on the organism.

Prevention

There are several ways to avoid or reduce your risk of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) or sexually transmitted infections (STIs).

Abstain.The most effective way to avoidSTIsis to not have (abstain from) sex.
Stay with one uninfected partner.Another reliable way of avoidingSTIsis to stay in a long-term mutually monogamous relationship in which both people have sex only with each other and neither partner is infected.
Wait and test.Avoid vaginal and anal intercourse with new partners until you have both been tested forSTIs. Oral sex is less risky, but use a latex condom or dental dam to prevent direct (skin-to-skin) contact between the oral and genital mucous membranes.

Get vaccinated.Getting vaccinated early, before sexual exposure, is also effective in preventing certain types ofSTIs. Vaccines are available to prevent human papillomavirus (HPV), hepatitis A and hepatitis B.


Thanks

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