**Chapter 13: Probability Exercise – 13.2**

**Question: 1**

**Suppose you drop a tie at random on the rectangular region shown in fig. below. What is the probability that it will land inside the circle with diameter 1 m?**

**Solution:**

Area of a circle with radius 0.5 m A circle = (0.5)^{2} = 0.25 πm^{2}

Area of rectangle = 3 x 2 = 6m^{2}

The probability that tie will land inside the circle with diameter 1m

**Question: 2**

In the accompanying diagram, a fair spinner is placed at the center O of the circle. Diameter AOB and radius OC divide the circle into three regions labeled X, Y and Z.? If ∠BOC = 45°. What is the probability that the spinner will land in the region X?

**Solution:**

Given, ∠BOC = 45°

∠AOC = 180 - 45 = 135°

Area of circle = πr^{2}

Area of region x = θ/360 × πr^{2}

= 135/360 × πr^{2}

= 3/8 × πr^{2}

The probability that the spinner will land in the region

**Question: 3**

A target is shown in fig. below consists of three concentric circles of radii, 3, 7 and 9 cm respectively. A dart is thrown and lands on the target. What is the probability that the dart will land on the shaded region?

**Solution:**

1^{st} circle - with radius 3

2^{nd} circle - with radius 7

3^{rd} circle - with radius 9

Area of 1^{st} circle = π(3)^{2} = 9π

Area of 2^{nd} circle = π(7)^{2} = 49π

Area of 3rd circle = π(9)^{2} = 81π

Area of shaded region = Area of 2^{nd} circle - Area of 1^{st} circle

= 49π − 9π

= 40π

Probability that it will land on the shaded region

**Question: 4**

**In below fig. points A, B, C and D are the centers of four circles that each has a radius of length one unit. If a point is selected at random from the interior of square ABCD. What is the probability that the point will be chosen from the shaded region?**

**Solution:**

Radius of circle = 1 cm

Length of side of square = 1 + 1 = 2 cm

Area of square = 2 × 2 = 4 cm^{2}

Area of shaded region = Area of a square - 4 × Area of the quadrant

Probability that the point will be chosen from the shaded region

Since geometrical probability,

**Question: 5**

In the fig. below, JKLM is a square with sides of length 6 units. Points A and B are the midpoints of sides KL and LM respectively. If a point is selected at random from the interior of the square. What is the probability that the point will be chosen from the interior of triangle JAB?

**Solution:**

JKLM is a square with sides of length 6 units.

Points A and B are the midpoints of sides KL and ML, respectively.

If a point is selected at random from the interior of the square.

We have to find the probability that the point will be chosen from the interior of ΔJAB.

Now, Area of square JKLM is equal to 6^{2} = 36 sq.units

Now, we have ar(ΔKAJ) = 1/2 × AK × KJ

= 1/2 × 3 × 6

= 9 unit^{2}

ar(ΔJMB) = 1/2 × JM × BM

= 1/2 × 6 × 3

= 9 unit^{2}

ar(ΔAJB) = 1/2 × AL × BL

=1/2 × 3 × 3

= 9/2 unit^{2}

Now, an area of the triangle AJB ar(ΔAJB) = 3 × 9/2

= 27/2 unit^{2}

We know that:

Hence, the probability that the point will be chosen from the interior of ΔAJB = 3/8.

**Question: 6**

In the fig. below, a square dartboard is shown. The length of a side of the larger square is 1.5 times the length of a side of the smaller square. If a dart is thrown and lands on the larger square. What is the probability that it will land in the interior of the smaller square?

**Solution:**

Let, the length of the side of smaller square = a

The a length of a side of bigger square = 1.5a

Area of smaller square = a^{2}

Area of bigger square = (1.5)^{2}a^{2} = 2.25a^{2}

Probability that dart will land in the interior of the smaller square

Geometrical probability,