# The box of a pin hole camera, of length L, has hole of radius a. it is assumed that when the hole is illuminated by a parallel beam of light of wavelength  the spread of the spot (obtained on the opposite wall of the camera) is the sum of its geometrical spread and the spread due to diffraction. The spot would then have its minimum size (say bmin) when :  a=_____ ?; b(min)=_____?Please explain the method

Arun
25758 Points
4 years ago
Dear student

spot size (diameter) b = 2 ($\lambda$L / 2a) + 2a
a^2 + $\lambda$ l – ab = 0
For real roots
b^2 – 4$\lambda$L >= 0
b min = $\sqrt$4$\lambda$L
by eqn (i)
a = $\sqrt$$\lambda$L