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If the intensity of sound is doubled, by how many decibels does the sound level increase?

If the intensity of sound is doubled, by how many decibels does the sound level increase?

Grade:12

1 Answers

Arun
25758 Points
4 years ago

If the intensity of sound in watts per square metre is I, then the intensity level in decibel (dB) is given by

dB= 10 log(I/I•),

Where the base of logarithm is 10,

I•=10^-12 watt per square metre( roughly the intensity at which audible sound can be heard)

On the decibel scale the pain threshold is 1 watt per square metre and on decibel scale is:

dB= 10 log(1 watt per square metre/10^-12 watt per square metre)

dB= 10 log ( 1/10^-12)= 10* log (10^12)=10*12=120 dB

In the given problem

dB= 10 log ( 2 I/I)= 10* log 2=10*0.3010=3.010dB

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