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how can we prove that in an electromagnetic wave electric field and magnetic field are perpendicular to each other?

how can we prove that in an electromagnetic wave electric field and magnetic field are perpendicular to each other?

Grade:12

1 Answers

Aman Bansal
592 Points
9 years ago

Dear Shreya,

Electricity can be static, like the energy that can make your hair stand on end. Magnetism can also be static, as it is in a refrigerator magnet. A changing magnetic field will induce a changing electric field and vice-versa—the two are linked. These changing fields form electromagnetic waves. Electromagnetic waves are formed by the vibrations of electric and magnetic fields. These fields are perpendicular to one another in the direction the wave is traveling. Once formed, this energy travels at the speed of light until further interaction with matter.

Maxwell developed a scientific theory to explain electromagnetic waves. He noticed that electrical fields and magnetic fields can couple together to form electromagnetic waves. The terms light, electromagnetic waves, and radiation all refer to the same physical phenomenon: electromagnetic energy. This energy can be described by frequency, wavelength, or energy. All three are related mathematically such that if you know one, you can calculate the other two. Theres a particle model and a wave model for electromagnetic radiation, and as we know electromagnetic radiation have dual nature. For an electromagnetic radiation to persist the two electric and magnetic fields have to propagate in a perpendicular direction to each other, EM waves consist of oscillating electric and magnetic fields.

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