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Grade: 12
        
I am value of expression in the image. Please help in finding its vale i am not what to do with this problem. How should i proceed.
5 months ago

Answers : (1)

Arun
23044 Points
							
The equation cos(9x)=0 has roots x=(2n+1)π/18 for n=0,1,2….17 … (i) 

But cos(9x) = cos⁹x*{ 9C0 – 9C2*t² + 9C4*t⁴ − 9C6*t⁶ + 9C8*t⁸ } (t=tanx, see end) 

So either cosx=0 or 9C0 – 9C2*t² + 9C4*t⁴ − 9C6*t⁶ + 9C8*t⁸ = 0  

From (i) n=4,13 solve cos(x)=0 and using tan(180−x)=−tan(x) gives  

±tan(10), ±tan(30), ±tan(50), ±tan(70) as solutions of the octic. 

Further setting z=t² gives tan²(10), tan²(30), tan²(50), tan²(70) as the solutions of 

9C0 – 9C2*z + 9C4*z² − 9C6*z³ + 9C8*z⁴ = 0  

By root properties tan²(10)+tan²(30)+tan²(50)+tan²(70) = 9C6/9C8 = 84/9 

But tan²(30) = (1/√3)² = ⅓ and so tan²(10)+tan²(50)+tan²(70) = 9  

You can also get from the same equation … 

tan(10)*tan(50)*tan(70) = sqrt( (9C0/9C8) ) / tan(30) = 1/√3  

cot²(10)+cot²(50)+cot²(70) = 9C2/9C0 – cot²(30) = 33  

………………………………. 

cos(9x)+isin(9x) = (cosx+isinx)⁹ = ∑ (r=0,9) 9Cr*cos^(9-r)x*(isinx)^r  

= cos⁹x * ∑ (r=0,9) 9Cr*(itanx)^r 

Equating real parts : cos(9x) = cos⁹x * { 9C0 – 9C2*t² + 9C4*t⁴ − 9C6*t⁶ + 9C8*t⁸ } 

Where t=tanx
5 months ago
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