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Grade: 11
        
How does KP versus 1/t give a linear plot...in advanced Phu Chem chap chemical equilibrium
10 months ago

Answers : (1)

Arun
14736 Points
							The activation energy, Ea, is the minimum energy molecules must possess in order to react to form a product. The slope of the Arrhenius plot can be used to find the activation energy. The Arrhenius plot can also be used by extrapolating the line back to the y-intercept to obtain the pre-exponential factor, A. This factor is significant because A=p×Z, where p is a steric factor and Z is the collision frequency. The pre-exponential, or frequency, factor is related to the amount of times molecules will hit in the orientation necessary to cause a reaction. It is important to note that the Arrhenius equation is based on the collision theory. It states that particles must collide with proper orientation and with enough energy. Now that we have obtained the activation energy and pre-exponential factor from the Arrhenius plot, we can solve for the rate constant at any temperature using the Arrhenius equation.The Arrhenius plot is obtained by plotting the logarithm of the rate constant, k, versus the inverse temperature, 1/T. The resulting negatively-sloped line is useful in finding the missing components of the Arrhenius equation. Extrapolation of the line back to the y-intercept yields the value for ln A. The slope of the line is equal to the negative activation energy divided by the gas constant, R. As a rule of thumb in most biological and chemical reactions, the reaction rate doubles when the temperature increases every 10 degrees Celsius.
						
10 months ago
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