Why phenols are soluble in alkalies?

Why phenols are soluble in alkalies? 

Grade:upto college level

1 Answers

Akshay Meena
askIITians Faculty 34 Points
9 years ago
The reason why phenol is more soluble in NaOH than in water is because phenol is slightly acidic. Reason : By mixing with NaOH, it causes the phenol to release the H+ to form sodium phenoxide. The one negative charge on this compound can move to different locations in the phenol to form different resonances (4 resonances in total) and create very stable compound. Thanks & Regards Akshay Meena, askIITians Faculty M.Tech, IIT Kharagpur

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