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why cant carbon-carbon tetracovanlent bond not possible?

why cant carbon-carbon tetracovanlent bond not possible?

Grade:10

1 Answers

Nilekh S M
12 Points
3 years ago

To answer, we need to go beyond Lewis Theory. From a Lewis point of view, there is no reason why carbon can't form a quadruple bond satisfying the Octet Rule and leaving no electrons for further bonding. But it implies that C2 is a perfectly stable molecule, like N2, and that just isn't the case.

If we go on to the valence-bond model, in which bonds result from the overlap of atomic orbitals, we see a better explanation: carbon cannot form a quadruple bond because it doesn't have enough atomic orbitals pointing in the right directions. sp hybridization leaves two p orbitals over, while sp2 hybridization leaves one p orbital.

Valence-bond theory predicts two possible bonding states for C2:

1. double bond with all electrons paired, :C=C: (as seen in Alkene)

2. a triple bond with two unpaired electrons, .C(Triple)C. (As seen in Alkyne)

These are called resonance structures, and both must be considered as partial representations of the real situation.

Note: There exist a C2 molecule with bond order 2 with two  pi bond

 

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