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What is 1 degree Carbon? What is 2 degree carbon? What is 3 degree carbon?

What is 1 degree Carbon? What is 2 degree carbon? What is 3 degree carbon?

Grade:11

4 Answers

Bhavya
askIITians Faculty 1281 Points
5 years ago
A carbon attached to only 1 more carbon apart from Hydrogen is known as primary or 1 degree carbon.
CH3-CH3
A carbon attached to only 2 more carbon apart from Hydrogenis known as secondary or 2 degree carbon.
A carbon attached to only 3 more carbon apart from Hydrogenis known as tertiary or 3 degree carbon.
arun
123 Points
5 years ago
1 degree or primary carbon atom are those carbon atom in which only one valency of carbon atom is satisfied by another carbon atom and other are satisfied by any different element e.g. CH3-CH3 in ethane both carbon atom are primary carbon atom. 
2-degree or secondary carbon atom are those carbon atom in which two valencies of carbon atom is satisfied by other 2 carbon atoms and other valencies are satisfied by any different element.
e.g. CH3-CH2-CH3 in propane middle carbon atom is secondary carbon atom in this example middle carbon atom is attached ony two carbons.
similarly 3-degree or tertiary carbon atom are those carbon atom in which three valencies of carbon atom is satisfied by other 3 carbon atoms and other valencies are satisfied by any different element 
e.g. (CH3)3-CH in 2-methylpropane the CH  carbon atom is tertiary carbon atom.
4-degree or quaternary carbon atom are those carbon atom in which all 4 valencies of carbon atom is satisfied by other 4 carbon atoms. e.g. (CH3)4-C in 2,2-dimethylpropane in this that C carbon atom is quaternary carbon atom
JAWED AKHTAR
11 Points
2 years ago
1 degree carbon atom - carbon atom bonded with 1 carbon atom. ( c-C ).
2 degree carbon atom – carbon atom bonded with 2 carbon atom. ( C- c- C ).
3 degree carbon atom – carbon atom bonded with 3 carbon atom. ( C- c-C ).
Kushagra Madhukar
askIITians Faculty 629 Points
9 months ago
Dear student,
Please find the attached answer to your problem
 
A carbon attached to only 1 more carbon apart from Hydrogen is known as primary or 1 degree carbon.
CH3-CH3
A carbon attached to only 2 more carbon apart from Hydrogenis known as secondary or 2 degree carbon.
A carbon attached to only 3 more carbon apart from Hydrogenis known as tertiary or 3 degree carbon.
 
Hope it helps.
Thanks and regards,
Kushagra

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