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How come a carbocation, carbanion and carbon free radical have 6 , 8 and 7 electrons in their outermost shell respectively?

How come a carbocation, carbanion and carbon free radical have 6 , 8 and 7 electrons in their outermost shell respectively? 

Grade:11

1 Answers

Sunil Kumar FP
askIITians Faculty 183 Points
7 years ago
consider for example CH3Cl
formation of carbocation-CH3+
In this the carbon atom has 6 electron in the outermost shell.2 electrons being taken by chloride ion
radical
in the radical formation of CH3 one electron is shared by each chloride and carbon atom
carbanion
in the carbanion formation CH3-.carbon atom has 8 electronsa in the outermost shell ,being fully filled by the carbon atom

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