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Grade: 6
        can someone tell me the  Mendeleev theory of petroleum with full description and explanatory notes
8 months ago

Answers : (1)

Arun
13792 Points
							Abiogenetic origin of petroleum.“Early in 16th century, a theory of the origin of oil stated that it resulted from very deep carbon deposits that have been around far longer than life on this planet. That theory, lately became known as the abiotic oil formation (AOF) theory, was largely [ignored]and forgotten until rather recently when a few people-some of them scientists revived it and backed  it with some tenets”.(Petroleum , 2014).As the earth existence is date back to 4.5 billion years, the Abiotic theory is said to occur in that time, before the appearance of any form of life. The hypothesis bases on the fact that some of harvested hydrocarbons and other associated substances have a very deep origin, indeed they are widely found in the universe. Methane is said to be present in the atmosphere of Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, on others planets as well as moons and meteorites found in the solar system. Russian chemist and mineralogist Dimitri Mendeleev and scientists of the epoch have had a great influence supporting the hypothesis. “They propose that abiogenic methane reflects a cosmic organic inheritance that is subsequently released by the mantle and migrates towards the surface utilizing weaknesses in the crust such as plate” (Sephton A. & Hazen M, 2013). Recently in 20th century, members of so called “Russian-Ukrainian School” supported the hypothesis by stating that generated methane polymerizes into higher molecular weight hydrocarbons which results into petroleum deposits, the fact which is also persuade by finding increased abundance of methane gas in the depth of petroleum basin. (Sephton A & Hazen M, 2013).
						
8 months ago
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