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Aniline is more reactive towards electrophilic substitution rxns. than nitrobenzene. Why?

Aniline is more reactive towards electrophilic substitution rxns. than nitrobenzene. Why?

Grade:12th pass

1 Answers

Aarti Gupta
askIITians Faculty 300 Points
7 years ago
Nitrobenzene is considerably less reactive than towards electrophilic substitution because of the electron-withdrawing nature of the -NO2 group.In aniline electron donating substituent activate the benzene ring toward electrophilic attack.
Thanks & Regards
Aarti Gupta
askiitinas Faculty

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