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I want to know the detailed rule for nomenclature of an organic compound.

I want to know the detailed rule for nomenclature of an organic compound.

Grade:12

6 Answers

pratiksha agarwal
46 Points
7 years ago

1)numbering of carbon chains is done from side so as to give lowest number to the side chain.

2)if more than one side chain is present sum of positions should be minimum while numbering the carbon chain.

3)if 2 different alkyl groups are at equal positions from each end,numbering is done from the side of smaller alkyl group.

4)when the substituents are other than alkyl groups numbers are assigned in the alphabetical order.

5)when a compound contains a functional group(including multiple bond),the lowest no. is assigned to the functional group and not the substituents,even if it violates the minimum sum rule.

6)if more than one functional group is present,senior group is named as suffix and junior as prefix

7)the carboxylic and sulphonic acid groups are always chosen as principal functions.

please approve!

vivek kumar
57 Points
7 years ago

see study material on askiitian.

sushanth sai
21 Points
7 years ago

buy o.p tandon arganic chemistry it will help u out

Akash Kumar Dutta
98 Points
7 years ago

its impossible to write here...
try following conceptual books

KUMAR PRASSU
43 Points
7 years ago

-COOH>-SO3H>-COOR>-COX>-CONH2>-CN>-NC>-CHO>-CO->-OH>-SH>-NH2>-OR>C=C>-NO2>-NO>-X(chloro,bromo...)

 

THIS IS ORDER OF PRIORITY FOR NOMECULATING THE COMPOUND .

PLASE APPROVE IT 

THANKING YOUSmile

Koustove Modak
18 Points
7 years ago

Is it the detaled rule of nomenclature?

You have posted 7 rules..

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