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what is regio selective reaction?

what is regio selective reaction?

Grade:11

3 Answers

surya sai guduru
13 Points
9 years ago

if more than one reaction could occur between a set of reactants under the same conditions giving products that are constitutional isomersand if one product forms in greater amounts than the others, the overall reaction is said to be regioselective.

Say three reactions could occur between the hypothetical reactants A and B under the same conditions giving the constitutionally isomeric products CD, and E.

 

 

 

There are two possibilities:

1. The three products form in equal amounts, i.e., of the total product 33% is C, another 33% D, the remaining 33% E.  (These percentages are called relative yields of the products.)

 

 

 

If this is what is observed, the overall reaction between A and B is not regioselective.

2. One product forms in greater amounts than the others.  Say, for example, the relative yields of CD, and E are 25%, 50%, and 25%, respectively.

 

 

 

If this is what is observed, the overall reaction between A and B is regioselective.

eg:

 

 

 

Experimentally, 2 is the major product; 3 is the minor product.  Thus, the overall reaction between 1 and HBr is regioselective toward 2.

If more than one reaction could occur between a set of reactants under the same conditions giving products that are constitutional isomers and if only one product is observed, the overall reaction is said to be 100% regioselective or regiospecific.

eg:

 

 

 

The only observed product is 5.  (Relative yields of 5 and 6 are 100% and 0%, respectively.)  Thus the overall reaction between 4 and HBr isregiospecific toward 5.

Regiospecificity is merely the limiting case of regioselectivity.  All regiospecific reactions are regioselective, but not all regioselectivereactions are regiospecific.

see also chemoselectivestereoselective

 

Godfrey Classic Prince
633 Points
9 years ago

Dear chritha .bvs,

In chemistry, regioselectivity is the preference of one direction of chemical bond making or breaking over all other possible directions. It can often apply to which of many possible positions a reagent will affect, such as which proton a strong base will abstract from an organic molecule, or where on a substituted benzene ring a further substituent will add.

A specific example is a halohydrin formation reaction with 2-propenylbenzene :

Regioselectivity In halohydrin formation

Because of the preference for the formation of one product over another, the reaction is selective. This reaction is regioselective because it selectively generates one constitutional isomer rather than the other.

Certain examples of regioselectivity have been formulated as rules for certain classes of compounds under certain conditions, many of which are named. Among the first introduced to chemistry students are Markovnikov's rule for the addition of protic acids to alkenes, and the Fürst-Plattner rule for the addition of nucleophiles to derivatives of cyclohexene, especially epoxide derivatives.

Regioselectivity in ring-closure reactions is subject to Baldwin's rules.

 

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Chetan Mandayam Nayakar
312 Points
9 years ago

regioselectivity is the preference of one direction of chemical bond making or breaking over all other possible directions.[1][2] It can often apply to which of many possible positions a reagent will affect, such as which proton a strong base will abstract from an organic molecule, or where on a substituted benzene ring a further substituent will add.

A specific example is a halohydrin formation reaction with 2-propenylbenzene [3]:

Regioselectivity In halohydrin formation

Because of the preference for the formation of one product over another, the reaction is selective. This reaction is regioselective because it selectively generates one constitutional isomer rather than the other.

Certain examples of regioselectivity have been formulated as rules for certain classes of compounds under certain conditions, many of which are named. Among the first introduced to chemistry students are Markovnikov's rule for the addition of protic acids to alkenes, and the Fürst-Plattner rule for the addition of nucleophiles to derivatives of cyclohexene, especially epoxide derivatives.[4] [5]

Regioselectivity in ring-closure reactions is subject to Baldwin's rules.

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