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SIR CAN YOU GIVE ME SOME EXAMPLES FOR HOW TO NAME A COMPOUND WITH BOND LINE FORMULAE

SIR 


CAN YOU GIVE ME SOME EXAMPLES  FOR  HOW TO NAME A COMPOUND WITH BOND LINE FORMULAE

Grade:12th pass

1 Answers

SAGAR SINGH - IIT DELHI
879 Points
10 years ago

Dear student,

There are occasions when it is important to be able to show the precise 3-D arrangement in parts of some molecules. To do this, the bonds are shown using conventional symbols:

For example, you might want to show the 3-D arrangement of the groups around the carbon which has the -OH group in butan-2-ol.

Butan-2-ol has the structural formula:

Using conventional bond notation, you could draw it as, for example:

The only difference between these is a slight rotation of the bond between the centre two carbon atoms. This is shown in the two models below. Look carefully at them - particularly at what has happened to the lone hydrogen atom. In the left-hand model, it is tucked behind the carbon atom. In the right-hand model, it is in the same plane. The change is very slight.

 

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All the best.

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Askiitians Expert

Sagar Singh

B.Tech, IIT Delhi

sagarsingh24.iitd@gmail.com

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