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why acid amides and alkyl cyanamides are neutral compounds eventhough both contain nitrogen?

why acid amides and alkyl cyanamides are neutral compounds eventhough both contain nitrogen?

Grade:Upto college level

1 Answers

Aman Bansal
592 Points
12 years ago

dear ashik,

Because of the greater electronegativity of oxygen, the carbonyl (C=O) is a stronger dipole than the N-C dipole. The presence of a C=O dipole and, to a lesser extent a N-C dipole, allows amides to act as H-bond acceptors. In primary and secondary amides, the presence of N-H dipoles allows amides to function as H-bond donors as well. Thus amides can participate in hydrogen bonding with water and other protic solvents; the oxygen and nitrogen atoms can accept hydrogen bonds from water and the N-H hydrogen atoms can donate H-bonds. As a result of interactions such as these, the water solubility of amides is greater than that of corresponding hydrocarbons

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