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A monkey is climbing up on a rope that goes over a smooth pulley and supports a block of equal mass at other end. Show that whatever force the monkey exerts on the rope, the monkey and the block move in the same direction with equal acceleration

A monkey is climbing up on a rope that goes over a smooth pulley and supports a block of equal mass at other end. Show that whatever force the monkey exerts on the rope, the monkey and the block move in the same direction with equal acceleration

Grade:12

2 Answers

Badiuddin askIITians.ismu Expert
147 Points
11 years ago

Dear Sh Ha

 

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Let the acceleration of monkey is a

for this acceleration to achieve by monkey it exerts a force T on the rope and  same reaction force is exerted by rope on the hand of monket

which cause monket to climb

So T-mg =ma

 

Now let the mass is acceleration by a'

force balance on mass

T-mg=ma'

or  ma=ma'

a=a'


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Badiuddin

ankit singh
askIITians Faculty 614 Points
one year ago

Answer

Suppose the monkey acceleration upward with acceleration 'a' & the block, acceleration downward with acceleration a1Let Force exerted by monkey is equal to T

From the free body diagram of monkeyTmgma=0
T=mg+ma.Again from the FBD of the block
T=ma11mg=0
T=mg+ma+ma1mg=0 [From (I)] 
ma=ma1a=a1
Acceleration a downward i.e. a upward.
The block & the monkey move in the same direction with equal acceleratio.If initially they are rest (no force is exertied by monkey) no motion of monkey of block occurs as they have same weight (same mass). Their separation will not changed as time passes.

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