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Grade: 12th pass
        Nb and Ta occur together in nature.why? PLEASE BE FAST
6 years ago

Answers : (1)

ruchi yadav
askIITians Faculty
26 Points
							Understanding the circulation of water masses in the world’s oceans is critical to our knowledge of the Earth’s climate system. Trace elements and their isotopes have been explored as tracers for the movement of water massesSCOR Working Group, GEOTRACES[mdash]An international study of the global marine biogeochemical cycles of trace elements and their isotopes. Chem. Erde - Geochem. 67, 85-131 (2007).. One type of candidate elementsOrians, K. J. & Merrin, C. L. in Encyclopedia of Ocean Sciences, Vol. 4 (eds Steele, J. H., Thorpe, S. A. & Turekian, K. K.) 2387-2399 (Academic, 2001).are the high-field-strength elements zirconium (Zr), hafnium (Hf), niobium (Nb) and tantalum (Ta). Here we measure the distributions of dissolved Zr, Hf, Nb and Ta along two meridional sections in the Pacific Ocean that extend from 65° to 10°?S and from 10° to 50°?N. We find that all four elements tend to be depleted in surface water. In the deep oceans, their concentrations rise along our transects from the Southern Ocean to the North Pacific Ocean, and show strong correlations with the concentration of silicate. These results indicate that terrigenous sources are important to the budget of Zr, Hf, Nb and Ta in sea water, compared with hydrothermal input. Unexpectedly, the weight ratios for Zr/Hf fall between 45 and 350 and those for Nb/Ta between 14 and 85 in Pacific sea water, higher than the ratios observed in fresh water, in the silicate Earth or in chondritic meteorites. We conclude that the fractionation of Zr/Hf and Nb/Ta ratios will be useful for tracing water masses in the ocean.

Thank You
Ruchi
Askiitians Faculty
6 years ago
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