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Grade: 12
        In which of the following molecule vacant orbitals do not participate in bonding:(1) B2H6(2) Al2Cl6(3) [H3N.BF3](4) Si2H6
11 months ago

Answers : (2)

Ravleen Kaur
askIITians Faculty
627 Points
							Hello Student,

The answer is third part. In this the vacant orbital of boron cannot participitate in bonding due to Back Bonding.


Backbonding is a type of resonance.
In compounds like BF3, the boron atom has an incomplete octet. The fluorine atom on its side has a lone pair which it can donate to boron. But, flurorine is also a very electronegative element. So, it also has a tendency to take back the electrons that it had donated to boron. This way, the lone pair of electrons keepjumping between fluorine and boron.This is called back bonding. This provides thelone pair of electrons more number of exchange positions (which simply means more space). As a result, the molecule becomes more stable.

All the Best
Regards
Ravleen Kaur(IHE)
9 months ago
Mubtada yasin
15 Points
							option 3 will be the correct answer.since the condition of back bonding is being violated. (a) both bonded atoms must belong to 2nd period or one bonded atom must belong to 2nd period and other to 3rd period respectively.(b) one
						
2 months ago
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