 # What is ultrasonic interferometer?

12 years ago

Dear Pavankumar .D,

Ultrasonic Interferometer is a device used to calculate the velocity of ultrasonic sound through different liquid media.

This has some very good applications which you can learn later i think !

All the Best & Good Luck !!

Hope thishelped you immensely..

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Ultrasonic interferometer is a simple device which yields accurate and consistent data, from which one can determine the velocity of ultrasonic sound in a liquid medium.

The schematic diagram of an ultrasonic interferometer is shown below.

In an ultrasonic interferometer, the ultrasonic waves are produced by piezoelectric method. In a fixed frequency variable path interferometer, the wavelength of the sound used is measured, and from this one can calculate its velocity through that medium. The apparatus consists of an ultrasonic cell, which is a double walled brass cell with chromium plated surfaces and has a capacity of 10ml. The schematic diagram of an ultrasonic interferometer is shown below. The micrometer screw has a least count of 0.001cm and pitch scale has a length of 25mm. Ultrasonic waves of known frequency are produced by a quartz crystal which is fixed at the bottom of the cell. There is a movable metallic plate parallel to the quartz plate, which reflects the waves. These waves superimpose and if the separation between the plates is exactly a whole number multiple of wavelength of sound, standing waves are produced in the liquid medium. At this point, acoustic resonance occurs and this give rise to an electrical reaction on the generator driving quartz plate. Now the anode current of the generator becomes maximum.

If we increase or decrease the distance and the variation is exactly one half of the wavelength (λ/2) or its multiple, the anode current again becomes maximum. If ‘d’is the   separation between successive adjacent maximum anode current, then,

d = λ/2.

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We have, the velocity (v) of a wave is related to its wavelength (λ) by the relation,

v=fλ, where f is the frequency of the wave.

Then,   v= λf= 2df.

The velocity of ultrasound is determined principally by the compressibility of the material of the medium. For a medium with high compressibility, the velocity will be less. Adiabatic compressibility of a fluid is a measure of the relative volume change of the fluid as a response to a pressure change. Compressibility is the reciprocal of bulk modulus, and is usually denoted by the Greek word beta (β).The adiabatic compressibility of the material of the sample can be calculated using the equation,

where ρ is the density of the material of the medium and v is the velocity of the sound wave through that medium.

11 years ago

I want to know more applications of Ultrasonic Interferometer and basic concept behind that so please tell me ?

9 years ago
why we use only such type of liquids like benzene and carbon tetrachloride in ultrasonic interferometer experiment to find velocity
6 years ago
gave some question and answers about the ultrasonic interferometer experiment  and i have breifly explain about that experiment