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An equimolar mixture of toluene and chlorobenzene is treated with a mixture of conc. H2 SO2 and conc. HNO3 . Indicate the correct statement from the following. A. p-nitrotoluene is formed in excess B. equimolar amounts of p-nitrotoluene and p-nitrochlorobenzene are formed C. p-nitrochlorobenzene is formed in excess D. m-nitrochlorobenzene is formed in excess

An equimolar mixture of toluene and chlorobenzene is treated with a mixture of conc. H2
SO2
and conc.
HNO3
. Indicate the correct statement from the following.
A. p-nitrotoluene is formed in excess
B. equimolar amounts of p-nitrotoluene and p-nitrochlorobenzene are formed
C. p-nitrochlorobenzene is formed in excess
D. m-nitrochlorobenzene is formed in excess

Grade:

2 Answers

Arun
25763 Points
11 months ago
As toluene and chlorobenzene, both can react with mixture of conc.H2SO4 and conc.HNO3, but being more reactive, toluene will yield p-nitrotoluene in excess.
Vikas TU
14149 Points
11 months ago
both toluene and chlorobenzene can be nitrated under the reaction condition. However, −CH3 group is more reactive or activating as compared to −Cl atom. This means that p-nitrotoluene is formed in excess

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