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Compare the dipole moments of CHCl3 CH2Cl2 CH3Cl and CCl4 ... How wil we do it using the concepts studied from chemical bonding ?

Compare the dipole moments of CHCl3 CH2Cl2 CH3Cl and CCl4 ... How wil we do it using the concepts studied from chemical bonding ?

Grade:11

3 Answers

Arpita
23 Points
4 years ago
CH3Cl>CH2Cl2>CHCl3>CCl4 .1-This is due to in CH3Cl chlorine is EWG and it is in one direction and no other group present for cancelling/decreasing its dipole moment. 2- In CH2Cl2 dipole moment of H-H atoms and Cl-Cl atoms do not cancel each other because angle are not 180° so they are not linear. 3- In CCl4 dipole moment cancel and become zero because angle between trans position of Cl atom is 180°.
palak
21 Points
4 years ago
Since more d cl more d dipole moment but in case of ch3cl dere is max dipoledipole moment because all d resultants r in sasame direction...in chcl3 resultant of two cl bonds cncel each other hn d remaining H nd Cl gives d dipole momnt
ankit singh
askIITians Faculty 614 Points
one year ago
CH3Cl>CH2Cl2>CHCl3>CCl4 .1-This is due to in CH3Cl chlorine is EWG and it is in one direction and no other group present for cancelling/decreasing its dipole moment. 2- In CH2Cl2 dipole moment of H-H atoms and Cl-Cl atoms do not cancel each other because angle are not 180° so they are not linear. 3- In CCl4 dipole moment cancel and become zero because angle between trans position of Cl atom is 180°.
 
Since more d cl more d dipole moment but in case of ch3cl dere is max dipoledipole moment because all d resultants r in sasame direction...in chcl3 resultant of two cl bonds cncel each other hn d remaining H nd Cl gives d dipole momnt

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