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which of the following elements will form an acidic oxide? [NCERT Exemplar] (a) An element with atomic number = 7 (b) An element with atomic number = 3 (c) An element with atomic number = 12 (d) An element with atomic number = 19

which of the following elements will form an acidic oxide? [NCERT Exemplar]
(a) An element with atomic number = 7
(b) An element with atomic number = 3
(c) An element with atomic number = 12
(d) An element with atomic number = 19

Grade:12th pass

1 Answers

Pawan Prajapati
askIITians Faculty 6228 Points
2 months ago
(a) Non-metals form acidic oxides in general. Non-metals have 4 to 8 electrons in the outermost shell. The electronic configuration of given elements are (a) i.e. 7 = 2, 5 (b) i.e. 3 =2, 1 (c) i.e. 12 =2, 8, 2 (d)i.e. 19=2, 8, 8,1. So, element with atomic number = 7 (electronic configuration = 2, 5) with is non-metal (N) and it will form an acidic oxide. Rest three elements with atomic- numbers, 3 (Li), 12 (Mg) and 19 (K) are metals and hence, form basic oxides.

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