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Absolute Value Function

The function defined as:

                    absolute-value-function-defination         

is called an absolute value function.

Note : √x2 = |x| ∀  x  ε R

                                             absolute-value-function

The graph of an absolute value function is shown in the figure given above. Its properties are:

(i) An absolute value function is an even function

(ii) It is strictly increasing in [0, ∞) and strictly decreasing in (-∞, 0].

Illustration 12: Draw the graph of the following functions.

(a) y = |x - 1| + |x - 4|

(b) y = |sin x|

(c) y = sin |x|

 

(a) Note:  x - 1 = 0 => x = 1 and x - 4 = 0 => x = 4 i.e. y changes its definition at x =1 and x = 4.

        y = |x - 1| + |x - 4|

        let - ∞ < x < 1

        y = -(x - 1) - (x - 4) = -2x + 5

Now, let 1 < x < 4

        y = (x - 1) - (x - 4) = 3

Again, Let 4 < x

        y = (x - 1) + (x - 4) = 2x - 5

                          graph-of-(a)

(b)    y = |sin x|

        y > 0 ∀ x ε R

               graph-of-(b)                       

(c)    y = sin |x|

        ∀ x > 0,                     y = sin x

        ∀ x < 0,                     y = sin (-x) = -sinx

                     
              graph-of-(c) 

 

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