Characteristics of Catalytic Reactions

(i) The catalyst remains unchanged in amount and chemical composition at the end of the reaction; it may, however, undergo considerable change in physical form. 
(ii) A small quantity of the catalyst is capable of producing the desired effect. 
(iii) The action of a catalyst is specific to a large extent. Thus, the decomposition of KCIO3 is catalyzed by MnO2 but not by platinum. 
(iv) The catalyst does not initiate a reaction; it merely accelerates the reaction that is already occurring. 
(v) A catalyst does not alter the final state of equilibrium in a reversible reaction. 

A certain minimum energy must be possessed by the reactants so that they may react and produce the products. This is called the activation energy (Ea) for the reaction. A catalyst is said to lower the activation energy and thus increase the rate of the reaction. 


Thus, a catalyst increases the rate of a reaction by providing a pathway whose activation energy is lower than the activation energy of the uncatalysed reaction. 


Related Resources
Enzyme Catalysis

Enzyme Catalysis Living organisms carry out...

Shape-Selective Catalysis by Zeolites

Shape-Selective Catalysis by Zeolites The...

Nature of Solid Catalysts

Nature of Solid Catalysts Solid catalysts may be...

Summary of Adsorption and Catalysis

Summary of Adsorption & Catalysis This section...

Catalysts in Industries

Catalysts in industries 1. Haber’s process...

Types of Catalysts

Types of Catalysts (i) Positive catalysis: The...