The Institute of Technology or IT-BHU is an engineering school of Banaras Hindu University (BHU) in Varanasi. One of India's oldest and highest-ranked engineering colleges, like the rest of BHU, it is a residential and co-educational institute. The Union Cabinet having approved that the Ministry for Human Resources Development takes over IT-BHU, thus converting it into an Indian Institute of Technology, integrating it into the IIT System, the process of which is estimated to be complete by the end of 2008.
The BHU Institute of Technology, like all other Faculties and Departments of the Banaras Hindu University, also owes its existence to the perceptive vision and relentless efforts of its founder Mahamana Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya. BHU introduced the first-ever degree courses in Mining, Metallurgy, Ceramics and Pharmaceutics in India. After our country achieved independence in 1947, post graduate and doctoral research programmes were also introduced.
After the establishment of the Indian Institutes of Technology, the three premier engineering institutions of BHU; BENCO, MINMET and TECHNO were merged to form the Institute of Technology (IT-BHU) to provide a strong and integrated educational base. Thus the Institute came into full fledged existence in 1971. To preserve its excellence and national character, the former system of region-wise admission (via merit lists) has been replaced by admission procedures through the Joint Entrance Examination (JEE of the IITs) for undergraduate courses and Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE conducted by the IITs & IISc.) for the post-graduate courses. The Institute has so far produced more than 22000 B.Tech graduates, 2700 M.Techs. and 650 Doctoral degree holders.
Since its beginning, the Institute of Technology has not only developed to become a premier educational institution producing graduate engineers with sound scientific and technological background, but it has grown into a Centre which provides versatile postgraduate training and conducts advanced research in Engineering and Technology.
The main BHU campus covers an area of 1,300 acres and includes faculty housing and 55 student hostels. Besides academic buildings and sports facilities, included within the campus are: Large classrooms and halls for pre- placement talks and written test, Air- conditioned rooms in the training and placement office for group discussion and interviews, High speed internet connection facility, guest house and lodging facility. Besides these there is a Shiva temple (Birla Mandir, an air strip and a flying club, a library system including the central Sayajirao Gaekwad Library with over 13 lakh (1.3 million) volumes, along with individual libraries in different departments and schools, a famous museum of rare collections (Bharat Kala Bhavan), a 927-bed hospital in association with the medical college, ayurvedic college IMS-BHU, and a printing press.
Another new campus of the University i.e. the Rajiv Gandhi South Campus at Barkachha, in Mirzapur, UP district covering an area of 2,700 acres (11 km²) has been started, with many new professional courses. Four off-campus Degree Colleges of the city of Varanasi are also associated with the University.
The structure of departments at IT-BHU as of today is as follows:
- Computer Engineering
- Ceramic Engineering
- Chemical Engineering
- Civil Engineering
- lectrical Engineering
- Electronics Engineering
- Mechanical Engineering
- Metallurgical Engineering
- Mining Engineering
- Pharmaceutical Engineering
- Applied Chemistry
- Applied Mathematics
- Applied Physics
- Bio-chemical Engineering
- Bio-medical Engineering
- Material Science and Technology
Apart from the academic, co-curricular and extra curricular activities, IT-BHU students also carry out many innovative activities. Kashi Utkarsh is a student movement, working for social upliftment of residents of slums in Varanasi. Then there is SPICMACAY, Rang Samarpan another student group conveying messages for social reform through Theatre activities and finally Abhivyakti a National Theatre festival.
Apart from these IT-BHU students are also take part in various festivals coordinated and conducted by themselves under the guidance of the institute and the faculty. Technex is an annual national level technical festival, Kashi Yatra another annual national level cultural festival, Spardha an annual national level sports festival, and Opulence an annual national level management festival.
A large number of alumni of the Institute are presently occupying top positions in many leading industries, educational institutions and research establishments in India and abroad. Many of them having established their own industries/ companies and several others who are serving in diverse Governmental Departments/Agencies.