MY CART (5)

Use Coupon: CART20 and get 20% off on all online Study Material

ITEM
DETAILS
MRP
DISCOUNT
FINAL PRICE
Total Price: R

There are no items in this cart.
Continue Shopping
Menu
Get instant 20% OFF on Online Material.
coupon code: MOB20 | View Course list

Get extra R 400 off
USE CODE: MOB20

				   












General Characteristics of Organic Compounds

7 years ago

Share

Answers : (1)

										












organic compounds are mainly composed of ten elements. These are C, H, O, N, S, P, F, Cl, Br and I. compounds obtained from plants such as starch, sugar, cellulose, oils, fats, etc., contain mainly carbon, hydrogen and oxygen while those obtained from animals such as urea, uric acid, proteins, etc., contain nitrogen besides carbon, hydrogen and oxygen. Certain organic compounds are very complex and possess very high molecular masses. For instance, molecular masses for proteins range from several thousands to over a million.


ii) Quadri-covalency of carbon:- the carbon present in organic compounds is always quadric-covalent in nature. It combines with other atoms by covalent bonds. This gives rise to the identical behavior of all organic compounds. A carbon atom can link with other carbon atom by single, double or triple bonds. The property of catenation is very strong in organic compounds.


Organic compounds are essentially covalent compounds. They show characteristics of covalent compounds.


a) They are volatile in nature.


b) They have low melting and boiling points.


c) They are generally insoluble in water but soluble in organic solvents.


d) They are bad conductors of electricity.


e) They do not furnish ions. They show molecular reactions.


In general, the reactions of organic compounds are slow. They never proceed to completion and their yields are generally of low order.


iii) Colour and odour:- Organic compounds possess distinct colour and odour.


iv) Action of heat:- Organic compounds are not stable towards heat. They decompose on heating at high temperature. Some of them decompose on heating leaving a black residue.


v) Combustion:- Organic compounds readily burn in air. They burn with smoky or non-smoky flame. One of the products of combustion is always carbon dioxide.


vi) Homologous series:- Organic compounds have been classified into many classes each having the same functional group. The classes are known as homologous series. The compounds belonging to the same class show similar chemical properties.


vii) Polymerism: - Quite a number of organic compounds exhibit polymerism (when a molecular formula of an organic compound is a simple multiple of the other). For example, benzene (C6H6) is a polymer of acetylene (C2H2).


viii) Isomerism:- Organic compounds show the phenomenon of isomerism

7 years ago

Post Your Answer

Give the disproportionation reaction of H3PO3.
 
 
4H3PO3 ------------ gt; 3H3PO4 + PH3 Acirc; nbsp; On heating it undergoes disproportionation reaction to give ortho phosphoric acid and phosphine In this ...
 
KUNCHAM SAMPATH 8 months ago
 
p shows +5 ,pcl5 shows +5
 
Gavvala Ganesh 8 months ago
 
On heating it undergoes disproportionation reaction to give ortho phosphoric acid and phosphine In this ...
 
SHANMUKESHWAR 8 months ago
WHAT IS BUFFER SOLUTION.
 
 
A SOLUTION WHICH RESISTS ANY CHANGE OF pH when a small amount of a strong acid or a strong base is added to it, is called a BUFFER SOLUTION .
 
PRAPULPODISHETTI 8 months ago
 
A buffer solution (more precisely, pH buffer or hydrogen ion buffer) is an aqueous solution consisting of a mixture of a weak acid and its conjugate base , or vice versa. Its pH changes...
 
Poralu Manideep 6 months ago
 
A buffer solution is one which resists changes in pH when small quantities of an acid or an alkali are added to it. Acidic buffer solutions . . buffer solution is known as strong acid or...
 
BOLLU SRINIVAS 7 months ago
Asta­tine molecular weight
 
 
210 u is the astatine molecular weight
 
Gavvala Ganesh 8 months ago
 
Asta­tine molecular weight 210
 
RAKESH CHINDAM 8 months ago
 
astatine molecular weight 210
 
SEELA YUVARAJU 7 months ago
what is the decomposition silicones?why it is called?
 
 
Dear Sudharashan Silicone rubber is an elastomer (rubber-like material) composed of compression set , dielectric strength(at high voltage), thermal conductivity, fire resistance . A
 
Prabhakar ch 3 months ago
 
hallo sudharshan Decomposition is the process by which organic substances are broken down into a much simpler form of matter. The process is essential for recycling the finite matter that...
 
raj kumar 3 months ago
 
decompisition of silicones..Silicone rubbers are widely used in industry, and there are multiple formulations. Silicone rubbers are often one- or two-part polymers, and may contain fillers...
 
T.kumar 3 months ago
What is free radical isomerism?and explain it your own words???????????
 
 
Gowri sankar, Free radical isomerism is the combining of monomers which is in the form of free radical .
 
SAI SARDAR 4 months ago
 
hellow gowrishankar A free radical is any atom or molecule that has a single unpaired electron in an outer shell. While a few free radicals such as melanin are not chemically reactive, most...
 
raj kumar 4 months ago
 
IN CHEMISTRY FREE RADICAL ISOMERISM IS NOT THERE FREE RADICAL POLYMERISATION IS THERE THAT`S WHY YOU HAVE TO ASK QUESTION CORRECTLY FREE RADICAL POLYMERISATION IS THE ONE TYPE OF ADDITION...
 
RAMCHANDRARAO 4 months ago
Fuel in automobiles is a mixture of
 
 
CRUDE OIL
 
L GOUSE BASHA 8 months ago
 
CRUDE OIL
 
SHANMUKESHWAR 8 months ago
 
CRUDE OIL
 
KUNCHAM SAMPATH 8 months ago
View all Questions »

  • Complete JEE Main/Advanced Course and Test Series
  • OFFERED PRICE: R 15,000
  • View Details
Get extra R 3,000 off
USE CODE: FC20

Get extra R 400 off
USE CODE: MOB20

More Questions On Organic Chemistry

Ask Experts

Have any Question? Ask Experts

Post Question

 
 
Answer ‘n’ Earn
Attractive Gift
Vouchers
To Win!!!
Click Here for details