MY CART (5)

Use Coupon: CART20 and get 20% off on all online Study Material

ITEM
DETAILS
MRP
DISCOUNT
FINAL PRICE
Total Price: R

There are no items in this cart.
Continue Shopping
Menu
Get instant 20% OFF on Online Material.
coupon code: MOB20 | View Course list

Get extra R 200 off
USE CODE: omar10

				   












General Characteristics of Organic Compounds

7 years ago

Share

Answers : (1)

										












organic compounds are mainly composed of ten elements. These are C, H, O, N, S, P, F, Cl, Br and I. compounds obtained from plants such as starch, sugar, cellulose, oils, fats, etc., contain mainly carbon, hydrogen and oxygen while those obtained from animals such as urea, uric acid, proteins, etc., contain nitrogen besides carbon, hydrogen and oxygen. Certain organic compounds are very complex and possess very high molecular masses. For instance, molecular masses for proteins range from several thousands to over a million.


ii) Quadri-covalency of carbon:- the carbon present in organic compounds is always quadric-covalent in nature. It combines with other atoms by covalent bonds. This gives rise to the identical behavior of all organic compounds. A carbon atom can link with other carbon atom by single, double or triple bonds. The property of catenation is very strong in organic compounds.


Organic compounds are essentially covalent compounds. They show characteristics of covalent compounds.


a) They are volatile in nature.


b) They have low melting and boiling points.


c) They are generally insoluble in water but soluble in organic solvents.


d) They are bad conductors of electricity.


e) They do not furnish ions. They show molecular reactions.


In general, the reactions of organic compounds are slow. They never proceed to completion and their yields are generally of low order.


iii) Colour and odour:- Organic compounds possess distinct colour and odour.


iv) Action of heat:- Organic compounds are not stable towards heat. They decompose on heating at high temperature. Some of them decompose on heating leaving a black residue.


v) Combustion:- Organic compounds readily burn in air. They burn with smoky or non-smoky flame. One of the products of combustion is always carbon dioxide.


vi) Homologous series:- Organic compounds have been classified into many classes each having the same functional group. The classes are known as homologous series. The compounds belonging to the same class show similar chemical properties.


vii) Polymerism: - Quite a number of organic compounds exhibit polymerism (when a molecular formula of an organic compound is a simple multiple of the other). For example, benzene (C6H6) is a polymer of acetylene (C2H2).


viii) Isomerism:- Organic compounds show the phenomenon of isomerism

7 years ago

Post Your Answer

Other Related Questions on Organic Chemistry

I have op tandon for organic chemistry but my teacher says it`s not that good any idea what r must buy for organic? For problems I have himanshu pandey book
 
 
@ harsha yes ,o.p tandon is not at all required for organic chemistry , beacuse there are many concept which areabove the level of which jee advanced actually tests . so, for that reason...
 
Umakant biswal 3 months ago
 
frst of all gowith ncert , then solve all ques from himanshu pandey , if u are now at class 11 th then go with morrision and boyd , and if on class 12 th , then go with shortcuts for...
 
Umakant biswal 3 months ago
 
op tondon is not so good for jee main because its material has lot of time comsuming and it has a higher level book. you can do first ncrt problems then you take any other books for jee...
 
Sahabudin 19 days ago
What are analgesics and food preservatives.........?
 
 
Analgesics are drugs that reduce or totally abolish pain without causing disturbances of nervous system. There are two types of analgesics i. Narcotic analgesics E.g.: Morphine ii....
 
SAI SARDAR 5 months ago
 
Analgesis is defined as the drugs that reduce or abolish pain without causing impairment of conciousness,mental confusion,incoordinationor paralysis or some other disturbances of nervous...
 
somprasad 5 months ago
 
An analgesic or painkiller is any member of the group of drugs used to achieve analgesia , relief from pain. Analgesic drugs act in various ways on the peripheral and central nervous...
 
Umakant biswal 5 months ago
What are biodegradable and non-biodegradable detergents?
 
 
Biodegradable detergents: Cleansing agents or detergents which are decomposed by microbes are called biodegradable detergents. Their molecules have less branching. Non-biodegradable...
 
SAI SARDAR 5 months ago
 
1. Biodegradable Detergents are those detergents which can be degraded or decomposed by microorganisms present in water.such detergents have straight chain of hydrocarbons in the...
 
somprasad 5 months ago
 
1.Biodegradable dete rgents :Detergents having straight hydrocarbon chains are easily degraded(decomposed) by microorganisms .e.g.sodium lauryl sulphate. 2.Non-biodegradable detergents...
 
xavier 5 months ago
 
Detergents that can be degraded by bacteria are called biodegradable detergents . Such detergents have straight hydrocarbon chains. For example: sodium lauryl sulphate. Detergents that...
 
yesterday
 
BIODEGRADABLE DETERGENTS: detergents that can be degrated by bacteria examp le:sodium lauryl sulphate NON-BIODEGRADABLE DETERGENTS: detergents that cannot be degrated by bacteria
 
12 hours ago
the hybridization of phosphorus in PCl 5 (in solid state ) is 1)sp 3 2)sp 3 d 2 3)sp 3 d 4)both 1 and 2
 
 
@ krishna option no 3 turns out to be the correct option , here , the orbitals are filled by electrons of five cl atom . there are 5 p-cl sigma bond , three in one plane and make an angle...
 
Umakant biswal one month ago
 
i hope to no.3 because phosphours atom contain in last subshell is 5 electron and not contain a lone pair and here is 5 chlorine atom .then we add up eletron and we get a 10 and we devided...
 
sahabudin ali one month ago
 
I hope to option no 3.because it has 5 sigma bonds and no lone pairs of electrons,here,the orbital are filled by electrons of five cl atoms
 
Gavvala Ganesh one month ago
 
Sp3d. This is because hybridization depends on the lone pair of electrons on the central atom and the number of bonds it forms. P forms 5 bonds with no lone pair hence an sp3d hybridized....
 
5 days ago
When the speed of an electron increases, its specific charge
 
 
As per the theory of relativity, as the velocity of electron increases its mass also increases. As specific charge is inversely proportional to mass, as mass increases specific charge...
 
Amogh Dasture 4 months ago
 
@ mandeep we know that specific charges are e/m e/m is inversely proportional to the velocity of the electron ,, therefore as speed of the electron increases , the specific charges...
 
Umakant biswal 4 months ago
 
When the spped of an electron increases, its charge /mass ratio or specific charge decreases.................................................
 
Mudit 4 months ago
.Why li2CO3 decomposed at a lower temperature whereas Na2CO3 at higher temp?
 
 
The smaller the size of the ion, the higher the lattice energy and the greater the extent of the polarization. Li+ has a smaller size compared to Na+, hence polarizes the CO3- ion at a...
 
2017 years ago
View all Questions »

  • Complete JEE Main/Advanced Course and Test Series
  • OFFERED PRICE: R 15,000
  • View Details
Get extra R 1,500 off
USE CODE: omar10

Get extra R 200 off
USE CODE: omar10

More Questions On Organic Chemistry

Ask Experts

Have any Question? Ask Experts

Post Question

 
 
Answer ‘n’ Earn
Attractive Gift
Vouchers
To Win!!!
Click Here for details