MY CART (5)

ITEM
DETAILS
MRP
DISCOUNT
FINAL PRICE
Total Price: R

There are no items in this cart.
Continue Shopping
                   












General Characteristics of Organic Compounds

6 years ago

Share

Answers : (1)

                                        












organic compounds are mainly composed of ten elements. These are C, H, O, N, S, P, F, Cl, Br and I. compounds obtained from plants such as starch, sugar, cellulose, oils, fats, etc., contain mainly carbon, hydrogen and oxygen while those obtained from animals such as urea, uric acid, proteins, etc., contain nitrogen besides carbon, hydrogen and oxygen. Certain organic compounds are very complex and possess very high molecular masses. For instance, molecular masses for proteins range from several thousands to over a million.


ii) Quadri-covalency of carbon:- the carbon present in organic compounds is always quadric-covalent in nature. It combines with other atoms by covalent bonds. This gives rise to the identical behavior of all organic compounds. A carbon atom can link with other carbon atom by single, double or triple bonds. The property of catenation is very strong in organic compounds.


Organic compounds are essentially covalent compounds. They show characteristics of covalent compounds.


a) They are volatile in nature.


b) They have low melting and boiling points.


c) They are generally insoluble in water but soluble in organic solvents.


d) They are bad conductors of electricity.


e) They do not furnish ions. They show molecular reactions.


In general, the reactions of organic compounds are slow. They never proceed to completion and their yields are generally of low order.


iii) Colour and odour:- Organic compounds possess distinct colour and odour.


iv) Action of heat:- Organic compounds are not stable towards heat. They decompose on heating at high temperature. Some of them decompose on heating leaving a black residue.


v) Combustion:- Organic compounds readily burn in air. They burn with smoky or non-smoky flame. One of the products of combustion is always carbon dioxide.


vi) Homologous series:- Organic compounds have been classified into many classes each having the same functional group. The classes are known as homologous series. The compounds belonging to the same class show similar chemical properties.


vii) Polymerism: - Quite a number of organic compounds exhibit polymerism (when a molecular formula of an organic compound is a simple multiple of the other). For example, benzene (C6H6) is a polymer of acetylene (C2H2).


viii) Isomerism:- Organic compounds show the phenomenon of isomerism

6 years ago

Post Your Answer

More Questions On Organic Chemistry

Ask Experts

Have any Question? Ask Experts

Post Question

 
 
Answer ‘n’ Earn
Attractive Gift
Vouchers
To Win!!!
Click Here for details
carbon
 
What are hydrocarbons ?
 
 
The term ‘hydrocarbon’ is self –explanatory which refers to the compounds formed by combination of carbon and hydrogen only. Hydrocarbons have very important role in our...
  img
Pankaj 5 months ago
 
A hydrocarbon is an organic compound containing carbon and hydrogen only.
 
Jacob james 5 months ago
What is the purpose of vulcanisation of a styrene butadiene rubber (SBR)
 
 
vulcanization :convertion of natural rubberor relatedpolymersinto more durable materials via the addition ofsulfur.It is a type of cross-linking that changesrubberto the hard, durable...
  img
Avinash 3 days ago
what is acidic alpha hydrogen in a molecule?
 
 
The alpha carbon (α carbon) in organic molecules refers to the first carbon atom that attaches to a functional group,such as a carbonyl and the second carbon atom is called the beta...
  img
Aarti Gupta 23 hours ago
Which is the hardest substance ? why is it so?
 
 
Diamond is regarded as the hardest known material in the world.But now scientists have calculated that a material called as lonsdaleite which is also called hexagonal diamond, since...
  img
Aarti Gupta 8 months ago
 
Diamond no longer nature's hardest material The gemstone lost its title of the "world's hardest material" to man-made nanomaterials some time ago. Now a rare natural...
  img
Raheema Javed 7 months ago
 
diamond.........it has a tetra hedral shape of carbon which is not easy to break also its shape is symmetrical which is always favoured by our nature That’s what i think
 
parv 8 months ago
What are pseudohalogens?
 
 
The pseudohalogens are polyatomic analogues of halogens , whose chemistry, resembling that of the true halogens , allows them to substitute for halogens in several classes of chemical...
 
ng29 2 months ago
 
pseudohalogens are thoose compounds which are having -1 as the charge example (I 3 ) - in organic chemistry it is very useful approve if useful
 
grenade one month ago
Why is equitorial bond angle in sf4> ch2=sf4 (double bond in b/w), trying to understand it through bent rule but unable to so far...
 
 
SF4 has a trigonal bipyramidal structure with lone pair of electron in the equatorial position.The F-S-F bond angle is 101degree. In the trigonal-bipyramidal species H2C= SF4 the H atoms are...
  img
Sunil Kumar FP 10 months ago
 
Yes ,you are correct but actually what i want to tell is that greater s character of lone pair leads to lowering of equatorial bond angle(F-S-F) from 1200 to 101degree.This is due to...
  img
Sunil Kumar FP 10 months ago
 
Sir, bond angle is directly proportional to s character and therefore inversely proportio al to p character?
 
agam goel 10 months ago
View all Questions »