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Simran Choudhary Grade: 11
        












Give the fractional distillation of Petroleum products?

8 years ago

Answers : (1)

askIITIians Expert
21 Points
										












Petroleum is refined by fractional distillation. Further fractional distillation of its products gives a no. of refined products given below.


 


























































































S.No.



Fraction



Boiling range



Comp.



Uses



1.



Gaseous hydrocarbon



Below 20oC



C1–C4



Fuel for domestic use



2.



Petroleum ether



20–60oC



C5–C6



Solvent



3.



Benzene



70–90oC



C6–C7



Solvent



4.



Ligroin



80–120oC



C6–C8



Solvent



5.



Gasoline



70–120oC



C6–C11



Fuel for motors



6.



Kerosene



200–275oC



C12–C16



For lightening stoves, fuel, oil gas



7.



Gas oil or Diesel oil or Heavy oil



275oC to above



C15–C18



Diesel Engine oil, furnace oil



8.



Lubricant oil



Non volatile liquids



C16–C20



Lubricant



9.



Petroleum jellies



Non volatile liquids



C18–C22



Medicine preparation



10.



Parrafin wax



Non–volatile liquids



C18–C22



Wax industry



11.



Petroleum cake & asphalt



Non–volatile liquids



C30–C40



Carbon electrode, road manufacture


8 years ago
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