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`        An archer shoots an arrow with a velocity of 30 m/s at an angle of 20  degrees with respect to the horizontal. An assistant standing on the  level ground 30 m downrange from the launch point throws an apple  straight up with the minimum initial speed necessary to meet the path of  the arrow. What is the initial speed of the apple and at what time  after the arrow is launched should the apple be thrown so that the arrow  hits the apple?`
7 years ago

SAGAR SINGH - IIT DELHI
879 Points
```
Dear sachin,
The motion of the arrow is a projectile motion. Then  the motion of the arrow along horizontal direction is a motion with  constant velocity:

Where the initial position is 0 and . Then

Motion along vertical axis is a motion with constant acceleration, then

Where , initial position is 0, and . Then

Then we need to find the time when  the arrow will be exactly above the assistant. At this moment of time  x(t) =100. Then we can find the time:

Then we can find the height of the arrow at this moment of time:

The assistant should through the  apple with minimal velocity so it will reach point 5.4 m and at this  height the velocity should be 0. From this condition we can find the  minimal velocity:

The time of the motion of the apple to this point is

Then the apple should be thrown after

All the best.
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Sagar Singh
B.Tech, IIT Delhi

```
7 years ago
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