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6 years ago


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Dear Araku valley

A multiplexer, sometimes referred to as a "multiplexor" or simply "mux", is a device that selects between a number of input signals. In its simplest form, a multiplexer will have two signal inputs, one control input, and one output. An everyday example of an analog multiplexer is the source selection control on a home stereo unit.

Multiplexers  are used in building digital semiconductors  such as CPUs and graphics controllers. In these applications, the number of inputs is generally a multiple of 2 (2, 4, 8, 16, etc.), the number of outputs is either 1 or relatively small multiple of 2, and the number of control signals is related to the combined number of inputs and outputs. For example, a 2-input, 1-output mux requires only 1 control signal to select the input, while a 16-input, 4-output mux requires 4 control signals to select the input and 2 to select the output.

Multiplexers are also used in communications; the telephone network is an example of a very large virtual mux built from many smaller discrete ones. Instead of having a direct connection from every telephone to every telephone - which would be physically impossible - the network "muxes" individual telephones onto one of a small number of wires as calls are placed. At the receiving end, a demultiplexer, or "demux", chooses the correct destination from the many possible destinations by applying the same principle in reverse.

There are more complex forms of multiplexers. Time-division multiplexers, for example, have the same input/output characteristics as described above, but instead of having a control signal, they alternate between all possible inputs at precise time intervals. By taking turns in this manner, many inputs can share one output. This technique is commonly used on long distance phone lines, allowing many individual phone calls to be spliced together without affecting the speed or quality of any individual call. Time-division multiplexers are generally built as semiconductor devices, or chips, but can also be built as optical devices for fiber optic applications.

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6 years ago

I am thankful to both baiduddin and ramesh for answering my problems.

6 years ago

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