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```				   when  a current is established in wire, the free electrons drift in the  direction opposite to the current. does the number of free electrons in  the wire continuously decrease?
```

6 years ago

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```										Dear nikhil,
The mobile charged particles within a conductor move constantly in random directions, like the particles of a gas.  In order for there to be a net flow of charge, the particles must also  move together with an average drift rate. Electrons are the charge  carriers in metals and they follow an erratic path, bouncing from atom to atom, but  generally drifting in the direction of the electric field. The speed at  which they drift can be calculated from the equation:
$I=nAvQ \, ,$
where
I is the electric currentn is number of charged particles per unit volume (or charge carrier density)A is the cross-sectional area of the conductorv is the drift velocity , andQ is the charge on each particle.
We are all  IITians and here to help you in your IIT  JEE preparation.  All the best.
Sagar Singh
B.Tech IIT Delh

```
6 years ago

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