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PUNEET SAMA Grade: 12
        

is there any  method of calculating paramagnetic or dimagnetic behaviour of an molecule other than MOT(Molecular orbital theory)??

7 years ago

Answers : (2)

Askiitians_Expert Yagyadutt
askIITians Faculty
74 Points
										

Hiii Puneet  ya there is a very good method configured by our friends group during our preparation...


This method is actually applicable in few compunds only..and generally these compunds are asked in JEE ....


 


Read this ...you will get cleared about the method 


 


No. of electrons in outermost orbit                 B.O(Bond order)


20                                                                    0.0

19                                                                    0.5

18                                                                     1  

17                                                                    1.5

16                                                                     2

15                                                                     2.5

14                                                                     3

13                                                                     2.5

12                                                                     2.0  

11                                                                     1.5

10                                                                     1.0

9                                                                       0.5

8                                                                        0  



Magnetic Property   :- Remember  "DEPO" ...

D - Diamagnetic  if Even no of electron
P-Paramagnetic if odd no of electron

i.e   Dia if Even Para if Odd = = DEPO


Example  
One negative charge will add one electron and one positive will subtract one electron.


CN-  , N0+  N0-   CO   CN   CO+  O2+  O2-  


CN-   =   6 + 7 + 1 = 14 ...B.O = 3    and no of electron are even so Diamagnetic in nature

NO+  = 7 + 8 - 1 =  14  ...B.O = 3   and no of electrons are even(14) so diamagnetic in nature

NO- = 7 + 8 + 1 = 16    B,O = 2   and again Dia in nature

CO = 6 + 8 = 14   B.O= 3   again diamagnetic in nature ( 14 e and is even)

O2+ =  2(8) - 1 = 15  B.O = 2.5    and is paramagnetic in nature ..coz odd no of electron ( 15 is odd)

O2-  = 2(8) + 1 = 17   B.O = 1.5  and is paramagnetic in nature ..

CO+ =  6 + 8 - 1 = 13  B.O = 2.5 ....and is paramagnetic in nature due to odd no of electrons ( 13 electron)


EXCEPTION   O2 and B2

O2 = 16 electron   and B2 = 10 electron ....both have even no of electron but then also they are PARAMAGNETIC in nature...


Just remember these two exception and apply it for others ..


Solve for :  N2+  N2-   CN NO+  NO-   ....and go through previous year question on B.O .....


All the mentioned compounds have been asked in JEE many times...


 


So i have told you a method not only how to calculate magnetic behaviour but also to calculate B.O


 


Now if let me know is this helpful to you or not ? do u get the method ?


 


With regards


Yagya


askiitians_expert

7 years ago
PUNEET SAMA
33 Points
										

thanxxxxx a lot yagya sir.......


i have clearly understood your method..........!!

7 years ago
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