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pankaj gupta Grade: 12
        

IF PQ IS A DOUBLE ORDINATE OF THE HYPERBOLA x2/a2-y2/b2=1 SUCH THAT OPQ IS AN EQUILATERAL TRIANGLE O BEING THE CENTRE OF THE HYPERBOLA.PROVE THAT THE ECCENTRICITY e>2/√3.

6 years ago

Answers : (1)

SAGAR SINGH - IIT DELHI
879 Points
										

Dear student,


take this hint:


x-h)2/a2 +(y-k)2/b2 =1  is the equation of the hyperbola with centre (h,k)


                                      x2/a2-y2/b2 =1  is the equation with centre (0,0)


The standard things here are horizontal axis is the axis passing through two foci and centre and vertical axis is one perpendicular to horizontal one.  There are two asymptotes to the hyperbola such that the hyperbola lies bounded by these two on four sides.  The slope of the asymptotes are normally b/a with positive and negative sign and the asymptotes definitely pass through the centre. 


Foci are two points lying inside hyperbola such that the difference of distance between the two foci always remain constant for any point in hyperbola. 


Directrices are two lines parallel to minor axis such that the distance from the directrix to any point is equal to the distance from the focus to the point.


Hence the above para gives a brief outline about a hyperbola.


Eccentricity:


The eccentricity is a crucial point in hyperbola and the eccentricity decides the shape of the hyperbola.  Eccentricity denoted by e is always >1 in a hyperbola whereas in ellipse it lies between 0 and 1.


Definition:


The eccentricity of an ellipse is defined as the ratio of the distance between any point in the ellipse and the focus and distance between point and a fixed line called directrix.


 


            e = distance between P and F/distance between P and line D (Directrix)


Formula for eccentricity :      


               Formula for calculating e is


                b2 = (a2)(e2-1)    So e2- 1 = b2/a2     or e2 = b2/a2 +1 


                e = √(b2/a2+1)

6 years ago
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