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State of Right to Education Act

Overview

Right to Education The progress of the whole universe rests on education. It is the basic right of every human being. The vital requirement for education is felt for the empowerment and development of any person and the society. The report on education for all global monitoring by UNESCO, states that nearly 135 countries have the stipulation in their constitutions for offering non-discriminatory and free education for everyone. Even in India, in 1950, this commitment has been provided to children till the age of fourteen through article 45, as a part of state policy’s directive principles. An amendment to article 21A was brought out by the constitution to commence Right to Education Act to form as a fundamental right of any child. This article states that full time elementary education is the right of each child. The education imparted in a formal school should be adequate with good quality, fulfilling important standards and norms.

Right to Education act 

On 1st April 2010, The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act was put into practice. All the children in the age group ranging from six to fourteen years will be imparted with free and compulsory education. Based on the act, it becomes a legally enforceable duty of all the state and central government to effectively implement free and compulsory education.

Important provisions of the act

Children rightsBased on the major provisions of the act, every child aged between six to fourteen years shall possess the right to free and compulsory education in a nearby school. The act ensures that the child can complete his/her elementary education. Besides, no child shall have the compulsion to pay any sort of charges, fee or expenditure, which may prevent her or him from continuing till the end of elementary education. When a child aged more than six years of age gets admission to any school, but cannot complete her or his elementary education for any reason whatsoever, and then in such situations, he or she shall gain admission in a class that is appropriate to her or his age. For the purpose of implementing the provisions of Right to Education Act, the concerned educational authorities of the local and government shall be responsible to establish schools in the specified area within a period of three years of commencement of the act. Besides this, both the central as well as state governments are concurrently responsible for providing adequate funds to execute the provisions of the act. The aim of this Right to Education Act is considered as an important step taken towards each and every child’s ease of access to secondary as well as higher education.

Special provisions in the act     

Educational RightsSpecific provisions have been allotted to disadvantaged groups in the Right to Education Act related to migrant children, child labourers, children with special needs or children with disadvantages due to cultural, social, geographical, economical, linguistic or gender issues. This act will also deal with problems of out-of-school children, school dropout, accessibility of trained teachers and quality of education.

A historic movement

The introduction of this Right to Education Act assists India in accomplishing the mission and aims of the Millennium Development Goals and Education for All. This enforcement is considered to be a historic movement engaged by the Indian Government.

Benefits of Right to Education Act

BenefitsThere are several provisions of the act that can be considered as great importance to any child to pursue his or her education without any hindrance of poverty. The provisions cover:

  • Any non-admitted child can get admitted to a class that is appropriate to her or his age.

  • Duties and responsibilities of suitable governments, parents and local authorities are well defined by providing education on free and compulsory basis.

  • Sharing of financial and other related responsibilities between state and central governments is specified.

  • The act fixes norms and standards related to ratios of pupil and teacher, infrastructure and buildings, and working hours of the teacher.

  • Teachers are deployed rationally and this guarantees that the particular ratio of teacher to pupil is maintained in school instead of an average for the block or District or the State.

  • The act prohibits deployment of teachers for non-educational work apart from decennial census work, local authority to elections, disaster relief and parliament and state legislatures work.

  • The act enables appointment of trained teachers appropriately.

  • The act forbids mental harassment and physical punishment to the child, screening procedures for admitting children, collection of any capitation fee, prohibits teachers to work on private tuitions and operating schools without obtaining recognition.

  • For the development of the curriculum, it should match the values contained in the constitution.

Conclusion

ConclusionThe provisions of the act ensure the child a complete development and build his or her knowledge, talent and potential. Right to Education Act enables the child to continue his or her education without any fear, trauma and anxiety. This is achieved through an innovative system of learning, which is child centred and is always friendly.

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