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  • Diversity in The Living World
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Questions

1.     Eichler divided plant kingdom in:

(1)    Two divisions

(2)    Four divisions

(3)    Five divisions

(4)    Ten divisions

2.     A. P. De-Candolle classified-plants on the basis of

(1)    Vascular tissues  

(2)    Embryo     

(3)    Stem        

(4)    Flower

3.     Edward Bessey proposed a new name for dicots, it was-

(1)    Magnoliophyta

(2)    Anthophyta

(3)    Oppositifolia

(4)    Alternifolia

4.     Embryophyta includes –

(1)    Angiosperms only

(2)    Algae and fungi

(3)    Bryophyta & Pteridophyta    

(4)    All plants except thallophyta

5.     According to Tippo, BGA is included in:

(1)    Chrysophyta
(2)    Pyrrophyta
(3)    Chlorophyta  
(4)    Cyanophyta

6.     Oswald Tippo placed slime molds in:

(1)    Cyanophyta       

(2)    Chlorophyta

(3)    Phaeophyta

(4)    Myxomycophyta

7.     “Genera Plantarum" was written by-

(1)    Engler and Prantal

(2)    Hutchinson

(3)    Bentham & Hooker

(4)    Bessey

8.  Angiosperms (dicotyledons) were distinguished into archichlamydae and metachlamydae by 

(1)    Candolle    

(2)    Hutchinson

(3)    Engler and Prantl

(4)    None

9.     Chief merit of Bentham and Hooker's classification is that-

(1) It is a system mostly based on evalutionary concepts

(2) It is a natural systems of classification of all groups of plants

(3) The description of the taxa are based on actual observation of the specimen.

(4) It also considers the phylogenetic aspects

10.    Bantham and Hooker classified dicots into –

(1)    Polypetalae, gamopetalae and glumiflorae

(2)    Polypetalae, gamopetalae and monochlamyqae

(3)    Achlamydae, diclamydeae and metachlamydae

(4)    Archichlamydae, sympetalae & apetalae

11.    Zoodiogama includes –

(1)    Cymnosperms and pteridophyta

(2)    Dicots, monocots, gymnosperm    

(3)    Bryophyta and pteridophyta

(4)    Only thallophyta

12.    Four kingdom system of classification was proposed by –

(1)    Whittaker

(2)    Copeland

(3)    Linnaeus   

(4)    Oswald Tippo

13.    In two kingdom system of classification Euglena is included in-

(1)    Animalia

(2)    Plantae

(3)    Both the above

(4)    Protista

14.    The system of classification proposed by Bentham and Hooker is-

(1)    Artificial    

(2)    Natural

(3)    Phylogenetic

(4)    Numerical

15.    The classification of Linnaeus was mainly based on –

(1)    Sepals      

(2)    Carpels

(3)    Petals

(4)    Stamens

16.    Kingdom monera comprises the –

(1)    Plants of economic importance     

(2)    All the plants studied in botany

(3)    bldiryotic organisms  

(4)    Plants of Thallophyta group

17.    Embryophyta include:

(1)    Algae        

(2)    Fungi

(3)    Bryophyta

(4)    All of these

18.    Whittaker is famous for -     

(1)    Two kingdom classification

(2)    Four kingdom classification

(3)    Five kingdom classification

(4)    Distinguishing in Bacteria & blue green Algae

19.    First phylogenetic system of plant classification was given by-

(1)    Engler and Pranti

(2)    Eichler      

(3)    Ostwald Tippo    

(4)    Bentham & Hooker

20.    System of classification proposed by Linnaeus was

(1)    Artificial    

(2)    Natural

(3)    Sexual      

(4)    (1) and (3) both

21.    "Die Naturlichen Pflanzen familien” wrote by-

(1)    Eichler      

(2)    Linnaeus

(3)    Engler and Prantl

(4)    Bentham and Hooker

22.    Engler and Prantl created metachlarnydae to include –

        (1)    Polypetalous dicots

        (2)    Gamopetalous dicots

(3)    Gamopetalous monocots

(4)    Gymnosperm

23.  In which of the following systems, plants are classified in geneological order

(1)    Artificial

(2)    Natural

(3)    Phylogenetic      

(4)    Non-phylogenetic

24.    Which book is the starting point for phylogenetic system -

(1)    Origin of species

(2)    Die- Naturlichen Pflanzen familien

(3)    The phylogenetic taxonomy of flowering plants

(4)    Historia plantarum

25.  Which of the following taxonomists first employed the characteristics of vascular tissue in taxonomy

(1)    Tippo

(2)    Engler and Prantl

(3)    Takhtajan

(4)    A.P. de Candolle

26.    The group "Pteropsida" proposed by Oswald Tippo includes –

        (1)    Ferns

        (2)    Gymnnosperms

        (3)    Angiosperms

        (4)    AU the above

27.    In Whittaker's five kingdom classification, eukaryotes were assigned to –

(1)    All the five kingdom

(2)    Only four of the five kingdoms

(3)    Only three kingdom

(4)    Only one kingdom

28.  The book genera plantarum which contains the classification of seed plants was wrote by –

(1)    Linnaeus

(2)    De jussieu

(3)    Bentham and Hooker

(4)    Eichler      

29.    "Theorie elementaire de Ia botanique" is the book of:

(1)    Takhtajan

(2)    De Candolle

(3)    Eichler

(4)    Linnaeus

30.    Carolus  Linnaeus classified plant kingdom on the basis of-

(1)    Roral morphology

(2)    Overall morphology of plants

(3)    Type of sexual reproduction

(4)    Anatomical character

31.    Serology can be used to know the phylogenetic relationship of –

(1)    Plants

(2)    Animals

(3)    Both the above

(4)    Dinosours

32.  According to Bessey which of the following is not an advanced character of higher plants?

(1)    Gamopetalous condition

(2)    Herbaceous habit

(3)    Monocotyledon form

(4)    Woody nature (Tree habit)

33.    Which of the following book was written by Theophrastus?

(1)    Enquiry in to plants     

(2)    Causes of Plants

(3)    Historia phantarum     

(4)    All the above

34.  Who proposed the new name for dicots and monocots on the basis of phyllotaxy?

(1)    Linneaus

(2)    Oswald Tippo

(3)    Edward Bessey

(4)    Theophrastus       

35.    Whittaker placed prokaryotes and akaryotes in

(1)    Protista

(2)    Protozoa

(3)    Plantae

(4)    Monera     

36.    Oswald-Tippo included how many divisions in sub kingdom thallophyta?

(1)    20 - divisions     

(2)    10 - divisions

(3)    7 - divisions       

(4)    2 - divisions

37.    First plant classification was given by –

(1)    Linneaus   

(2)    John-Ray

(3)    Theophrastus

(4)    Darwin

38.    Division "Tracheophyta' includes -

(1)    Bryophyta

(2)    All vascular plants

(3)    All non-vascular plants

(4)    All non-vascular and vascular plants.

39.    Which group of plant have embryo but not vascular tissue-

(1)    Cyanophyta       

(2)    Tracheophyta

(3)    Bryophyta

(4)    Chlorophyta

40.    According to Benthum & Hooker total families of real flowering plants

(1)    202  

(2)    199

(3)    34

(4)    85

41.    Who gave importance of serology in taxonomy?

        (1)    Willis

        (2)    Karl Menz

        (3)    Hutchinson

        (4)    Whittaker

42.    The word Cryptogamia was coined by –

(1)    Theophrastus

(2)    Linnaeus

(3)    Bentham & Hooker

(4)    John-Ray

43.    Siphonogama includes –

(1)    Bryophyta and thallophyta

(2)    Pteridophyta & bryophyta

(3)    Gymnosperm & angiosperm

(4)    Thallophyta and gymnosperm

44.    The phylogenetic relationship among organisms can be established by the technique –

(1)    Autoradiography

(2)    X-ray crystallography

(3)    Serology   

(4)    Genealogy

45.  According to four kingdom system of Copeland, the fungi belong to kingdom –

(1)    Protista     

(2)    Mychota

(3)    Mycota

(4)    Plantae

46.    According to Oswald Tippo Angiosperms are placed under –

        (1)    Atracheata

        (2)    Thallophyta

        (3)    Tracheophyta    

(4)    Spermatophyta

47.    "Systema Naturae" book was written by –

(1)    Angler and prantle

(2)    Darwin

(3)    Linnaeus

(4)    Oswald & Tippo

48.    According to Eichler cryptogamia includes –

(1)    Gymnosperm and Angiosperm

(2)    Thallophyta and Gymnosperm

(3)    Thallophyta, Bryophyta and Pteridophyta

(4)    Only angiosperm

49.    According to Whittaker kingdom monera includes

        (1)    Unicellular eukaryotes

(2)    Prokaryotes & akaryotes

(3)    Slime molds & protozoa

(4)    Multicellular & eukaryotes

50.    "Cellular plants" and "Vascular plants" are the group~ created by 

        (1)    Tippo

        (2)    Eichler

        (3)    Takhtajan

        (4)    De candolle

51.    According to Copeland the "Red algae" belongs to

        (1)    Monera

(2)    Protista

(3)    Plantae

(4)    Animalia

52.    Linnaeus proposed an outline of plant classification in-

(1)    Genera Plantarum

(2)    Species Plantarurn

(3)    Systema Naturae

(4)    Philosophia Botanica

53.    Who classified the Embryophyta on the basis of fertilization?

        (1)    Eichler

        (2)    Tippo

        (3)    Takhtajan

        (4)    Engler & Prantl

54.    The earliest serious efforts to classify the living things were made by –

(1)    Greek philosophers

(2)    Latin American scientist       

(3)    British herbalists

(4)    Indian Hakims

55.    Classification proposed by Bentham and Hooker is mainly based on –

(1)    Embryological characters

(2)    Aoral characters

(3)    Vegetative: characters

(4)    Phylogenetic characters

56.    The separation of living beings into five kingdoms is based on-

(1)    Complexity of cell structure

(2)    Complexity of organism's body

(3)    Mode of obtaining nutrition

(4)    All the above·

57.    Which of the following organisms were never included in protista?

        (1)    Bacteria

        (2)    Red algae

        (3)    Slimemolds        

(4)    Mosses

58.    In which book, Linnaeus proposed the principles of nomenclature?

(1)    Species plantarum

(2)    Systema Naturae

(3)    Rora lapponica

(4)    Philosophia botanica

59.    According to Bessey the tree habit is a –

(1)    Advance character

(2)    Primitive character

(3)    Degenerate character

(4)    Any of the above

60.    Which of the two groups includes the similar plants

(1)    Siphonogama and spermatophyta

(2)    Siphonogama and zoodiogama

(3)    Metachlamydae and monochlamydae

(4)    Polypetalae and gamopetalae 

61.    In Tippo's classification the group atracheata includes

(1)    Thallophyta

(2)    Bryophyta

(3)    All the vascular plants

(4)    All the non-vascular plants

62.    Phylogenetic relationship of plants can be established  by:

        (1)    Plantserum

        (2)    Animal serum

(3)    Chromatography

(4)    Autoradiography

63.    Fertilization by zoodiogamy occurs in –

        (1)    Cryptogams

        (2)    Phanerogams

        (3)    Only bryophyta  

(4)    Only pteridophyta

64.  Swedish botanist who proposed the artificial system of classification on the basis of floral morphology was –

(1)    De-Jussieu

(2)    Bentham and Hooker

(3)    John Ray

(4)    Carl von linne

65.    Kingdom of unicellular eukaryotes –

        (1)    Monera

(2)    Protista

(3)    Fungi

(4)    Plantae

66.   Who among the following proposed a classification in which plants with one stamen were placed under the class Monandria, with two in Diandria and with many stamens in polyandria

(1)    Hutchinson

(2)    Bentham and Hooker

(3)    Cronquist

(4)    Linnaeus

67.    Polypetalae, Gamopetalae and monochlamydae are subclasses of

        (1)    Dicotyledonae

        (2)    Gymnospermae

        (3)    Monochlamydae

(4)    Siphanogama

68.  A person who studies about the origin, evolution and variations in plants and also about the classification of plants, is called as –

(1)    Classical taxonomist

(2)    Herbal taxonomist

(3)    a-taxonomist

(4)    b-taxonomist 

69.    Who proposed phylogenetic classification of plants

(1)    Linnaeus

(2)    Hutchinson

(3)    Bentham and Hooker

(4)    Mehta

70.    In Whittaker's 'Five Kindom Classification', eukaryotes were assigned to –

(1)    Only two of the five kingdoms

(2)    Only three of the five kingdoms

(3)    Only four of the five kingdoms

(4)    All the five kingdoms

71.  Most important criteria used for the present day classification of living organisms is based on –

        (1)    Presence and absence of notochord      

        (2)    Resemblances in external features          

(3)    Breeding habits

(4)    Anatomical and physiological characteristics

72.    The term "phylum" in animal classification was coined by

        (1)    E. Haeckel

(2)    John Ray

(3)    G.L. Cuvier        

(4)    Carolus Linnaeus

73.    Species living in different geographical areas are

        (1)    Sibling species

        (2)    Morphospecies

(3)    Sympatric species

(4)    Allopatric species

74.    First act in taxonomy is 

        (1)    Description

        (2)    Identification

        (3)    Naming

(4)    Classification

75.    Two morophologically similar populations are intersterile. They belong to –

        (1)    One species       

(2)    Two biospecies

(3)    Two sibling species

(4)    None of the above

76.    A true species consists of a population

        (1)    Sharing the same niche       

        (2)    Interbreeding     

(3)    Feeding over the same food  

(4)    Reproductivity isolated        

77.    Phenetic classification of organisms is based on –

(1)    Dendogram based on DNA characteristics

(2)    Sexual characteristics

(3)    Observable characteristics of existing organisms

(4)    The ancestral lineage of existing organisms

78.    Barophillic prokaryotes

(1)    Grow slowly in highly alkaline frozen lakes at high altitudes

(2)    Occur in water containing high concentrations of barium hydroxide

(3)    Grow and multiply in very deep marine sediments"

(4)    Readily grow and divide in sea water enriched in any soluble salt of barium.

DIRECTIONS for Qs. 79 to 88: Each questions contain­STATEMENT-1 (Assertion) and STAtEMENT-2 (Reason). Each question has 4 choices- (1), (2), (3) and (4) out of which ONLY ONE is correct.

(1) Statement-1 is True, Statement-2- is True, Statement-2 is a correct explanation for Statement

(2) Statement -1 is True, Statement -2 is True; Statement-2 is NOT a correct explanation for Statement - 1

(3) Statement - 1 is True, Statement- 2 is False

(4) Statement -1 is False, Statement -2 is False

 

79. Statement 1: Systematics is the branch of biology that deals with classification of living organisms.

Statement 2: The aim of classification is to group the organisms.

80. Statement 1: Acraniata is a group of organisms which do not have distinct cranium.

Statement 2: It includes small marine forms without head.

81. Statement 1: To give scientific name to plant, there is ICBN.

Statement 2: It uses articles, photographs and recommendations to name a plant.

82. Statement 1: Bacteria are prokaryotic.

Statement 2: Bacteria do not possess true nucleus and membrane bound cell organelles.

83. Statement 1: Bacteria have three basic shapes, i.e., round, rod, spiral.

Statement 2: Cocci and Bacilli may form clusters or chain of a definite length.

84. Statement 1: Bacterial photosynthesis occtirs by utilizing wavelength longer than 700 nm,

Statement 2: Here reaction centre is B-890

85. Statement 1: The plasmodium often possesses a number of branched "veins".

Statement 2: The position of "veins" remains fixe

86. Statement 1: Sandfly transmits Kala-azar.

Statement 2: In Kala-azar, the parasite damages the brain

87. Statement 1: Symbiosis is furnished by mycorrhiza,

Statement 2: In mycorrhiza, symbiosis is established between fungus and alga.

88. Statement 1: Aflatoxins are produced by Aspergillus flavus.

Statement 2: These toxins are useful to mankind.

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