Ragging in India: An OverviewCollege life is one of the most important stage of life for any student, as they not only learn but they also start grooming in the real form. Many students enjoy their college life, but as per several surveys done most of the students find their first year of the college a tough one, as they go through various forms of ragging in their college.

Sneha Jain, a student of Metallurgical Engineering, IIT-Bombay, says: “Mild ragging is fun and a learning process as you learn to laugh at yourself. It helps you to gel up with people you met recently. They are your seniors but to have that bond you need that particular moment to break the ice, and ragging is just a way to do that! I am not completely against ragging but yes, it should be in a healthy manner.” Similarly views are of NikhilVerma, a student of Computer Science atNIT Jamshedpur,“One should always promote the sort of ragging which helps students overcome the fear and loosen-up with their seniors. It is more fun being ragged than ragging someone according to me and I had a lot of fun when my seniors ragged me!” On a complete contrast to the statements above, an engineer working in a private sector company, completed his Engineering from DCE who choose not to disclose his name said, “What exactly do you think about when a student is beaten up mercilessly in the name of ragging?? I was stripped and tortured sexually by my seniors. Ragging is a sin and has to be treated as a crime!” Another MBBS student, ManojAgrawal said, “The bullies must be taught a lesson such that no other shall even think of doing that ever in future. A shy person coming from a conservative family shall get hurt deeply by such acts used in ragging and this needs a check. Even I was very much uncomfortable as I belong to a family which is not that modern and we still follow the traditions strictly, it was a shock for me!”

What is ragging?

As per several definitions being derived by experts, ragging means causing,compelling,inducingor forcing a student by verbal means or by doing any act, which isolates the person and exposing him to ridiculeby injuring him or confining him or by using criminal force. Commonly there are two forms of ragging, verbal and physical. It is found that the effect of verbal ragging is lesser than the physical ragging, but is also depends on person to person and the methods of ragging being implemented on the student. The supreme court of India defines ragging as “Ragging is any disorderly conduct, either spoken, written or by any act which has its impact of teasing, involving inundisciplined activities, or treating withrudeness that causes or most likely to cause hardship or annoyance or harm and raise the sense of fear in a new joiner, fresher or junior students.”

Roots of “Ragging”

It is believed that the roots of ragging arelegacy of the British, who endorsed these practices to our country from the elite public schools. But in several researched it is found that extreme formsRagging have now seem to have disappeared from the Britain, but are still being continued in the Asian countries especially, Sri Lanka, India, China, Pakistan etc.

Types of Ragging


Two different sides of Ragging

The Positive Side of Ragging
“Ragging, to an extent is healthy and can be fun too. It is a platform for the seniors and the juniors to gel-up and interact with each other. All I was asked to do was to sing and dance and when I did sportingly, they asked me to go! I quite enjoyed that moment and it helped us strengthen our bond. It helped me in the long run, as whenever I needed their help I could easily visit them and they were also happy to help me!”

– Monika Mohan, a student of IIT-Kanpur

  • Some people believe that Ragging is not a bad practice and rather it is a practice to amity and build character.
  • The mild forms of ragging add up to the charm to the college life and it makes it more interesting and exciting.
  • It allows the new students or juniors to interact with their seniors and get to know each rather well.
  • It works as melting the ice between the seniors and the juniors.
  • Also some believe that, Ragging helps overcome the fear and makes stronger.
The Negative Side of Ragging
“The initial days spent at IIT-D were the most annoying and traumatic to say. Students use to cry in front of me as they cannot tolerate the humiliation of ragging. The torture of being stripped completely and march across the entire campus of IIT Delhi was just intolerable! The medical and engineering colleges of our country are heavens for the worst possible ragging!

-Management Guru : ArindamChaudary

  • As per several cases that have come up due to the side effects of ragging, it is found that it causes serious mental pressure and if done physical it result in deep injuries as hit by objects or due to the tasks being performed against will
  • Sense of fear generates in the minds
  • Ragging is now treated as abuse of human rights
  • It can lead to forceful initiation of drugs and alcohol
  • Often students get so much affected that they tend to drop-out of the college
  • It leads to serious mob mentality and mindset
  • Ragging also results into deaths and suicides. 




  • Ragging makes the students strong and builds their character and also prepares them for life. It enables them to face the tough situations of life.
  • The boldness being instilled in the ragging process in itself a weak gesture of demonstrating the sense of being senior. It rather teaches the ways of exploiting and accepting it non-resistively.
  • Ragging helps breaking the ice between the seniors and juniors and helps them interact with each other much firmly. It helps in developing a friendship between them.
  • Ragging is an archaic way of interacting and is completely inhumane. There are several other healthy ways to start the friendship without any humiliating gesture and demonstrating the wildness in behaviours.
  • Ragging enables them to be united and teaches the oneness and togetherness.
  • Ragging rather divides the students in the respect of castes, religion and class. It moreover sets the mob mentality of the students.

STATISTICS Number of Ragging Complaints Received between 2009-13 compared with Ragging Complaints Received in 2013  rag3


In the year 2009, a high-level committee was established to probe the death of AmanKachroo a medical student revealed that the reason of his death was heavy consumption of alcohol that lead to serious ragging and violence in the college campus. In the year 2007, 7 deaths were reported due to ragging and numerous other cases were being registered due to ragging. Ragging in India includes serious abuses and violation of the human rights. In many colleges across the country ragging has been strictly banned and is proving to be very effective, but still some cases are being brought to notice by the media. The honorable Supreme Court has also taken strong steps against ragging and the cases of ragging have been declared a criminal offence. Society Against Violence in Education also known as SAVE,the Anti-Ragging NGO has widely worked to stop the ragging in various engineering and medical colleges and especially in the hostels across the country. With the order of Supreme Court of India, a National Anti-Ragging Helpline was created that helps victims and take action in cases of ragging by providing the information to the Head of the particular institution along with the local police and authorities. The most important feature of the helpline is that the complaint can be registered without disclosing the names by the victims through email at helpline@antiragging.in and on calls at 1800-180-5522.

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