The Undisputed 2Ã¢â‚¬â€A Rivalry Beyond Dominance Created by IITs and NITs
The vision of Jawaharlal Nehru to develop India as a leader in science and technology led to the foundation of first 14 RECs between 1959 and 1965, which later in 2003 became NITs. However, considering the fact that the history of IITs dates back to IndiaÃ¢â‚¬â„¢s pre-independence era, the foundation of 14 major RECs or NITs raises many questions.
All IITs founded before NITs were failing to deal with the high demand for technical and scientific education owing to the success of technology based industries. And the government wasnÃ¢â‚¬â„¢t in a financially strong situation then to create more globally respected IITs to meet its ever growing demand for science and technical education in India. Hence, the government started RECs at Bhopal, Allahabad, Kozhikode, Durgapur, Kurukshetra, Jamshedpur, Jaipur, Nagpur, Rourkela, Srinagar, Surathkal, Surat, Tiruchirappalli, and Warangal. One more REC was founded in 1967 in Silchar while two others were founded in Hamirpur in 1986 and Jalandhar in 1987.
Under the leadership of Murli Manohar Joshi in 2003, all RECs were upgraded to National Institutes of Technology (NITs).
Although both IITs and NITs have equally contributed to the immense growth of India in technology and science on a global platform, comparisons were inevitably drawn by a large Indian group between the two hallowed institutions across the country. These comparisons have become a sort of benchmark for engineering aspirants to decide their best options in both institutions. Considering comparisons on one institutionÃ¢â‚¬â„¢s superiority over another are mostly flawed with biased facts, chances of making wrong choices in engineering institutions are high among engineering aspirants.
Hence to study in the right engineering institution, one needs to evaluate various factors of the institutions carefully and view comparisons from two different perspectives of other students.
Unlike existing comparisons, which are mostly biased or unreal, we have tried to view these comparisons from the perspectives of students from IITs and NITs.
LetÃ¢â‚¬â„¢s take you through this study carried out by us in detail.
Students founding companies in India and abroad are considered an ideal benchmark by their institutions to prove their dominance in the education sector. As a matter of fact, this is also closely reviewed by students before they apply for admission.
For example, there is Massachusetts Institute of Technology, MIT in the United States, which has companies founded by its graduates surpassing the mark of whopping $ 2 trillion in revenue. In other words, the total revenue of the companies founded by MIT graduates is more than IndiaÃ¢â‚¬â„¢s current GDP.
That explains how the number of graduates from IITs and NITs, those who have founded companies, can be taken as an ideal yardstick to figure out the better between the two.
A research firm in the United States was in sheer surprise when in a study conducted by it in December, 2013, revealed that IITians are among the leading founders of major startups in the US. Owing to this phenomenal success in the United States, IITs are the only non-US university featuring in the list prepared by PE/VC database firm PitchBook, led by Stanford and University of California, Berkeley.
Ã¢â‚¬Å“Perhaps the most interesting, and rather unexpected, entry on the list comes in at No. 10 – the Indian Institutes of Technology. India’s entry in the top 10 was definitely a surprise, but with that country’s boom in the IT industry over the last couple of decades, it stands to reason that Indian schools are producing innovative thinkers to fuel that country’s – and the world’s – rapidly growing and increasingly technology-reliant economy,Ã¢â‚¬Â PitchBook said.
IITs have produced founders of many prestigious startups in India and abroad. LetÃ¢â‚¬â„¢s go through the table given below to know the founders of such startups from IITs.
|Infosys||N.R. Narayana Murthy||IIT-Kanpur|
|Bluepage||Ayush Vashney, Sahil Baghla||IIT-Kanpur|
|Transweb||Aditya Singhal, Nishant Sinha||IIT-Delhi|
|Flipkart||Sachin Bansal and Binny Bansal||IIT-Delhi|
|Travel Triangle||Sankalp Agarwal, Sanchit Garg, Prabhat Gupta||IIT-Kharagpur, IIT-Bombay, IIT-Guwahati|
|HCL Technologies||Arjun Malhotra (co-founder)||IIT-Kharagpur|
|Vinod Khosla||Sun Microsystem (co-founder)||IIT-Delhi|
Students from NITs are not far behind students of IITs in setting up startups and making India proud on a global platform.
LetÃ¢â‚¬â„¢s go through the table given below to know founders of startup in India and abroad from NITs:
|Simply 360||Bhupendra Khanal||NIT-Durgapur|
|MindCron||S. Kumar Vimal||NIT-Dugrapur|
|Peepul Capital||Srini Raju||NIT-Kurukshetra|
|Microland Technologies||Pradeep Kar||NIT-Nagpur|
|Bartec Middle East FZE||Umesh Kumar||NIT-Sri Nagar|
Notable Positions in the Business/Public/Academic/ sector Held by the Students of NITs and IITs
Both IITs and NITs have contributed immensely to IndiaÃ¢â‚¬â„¢s phenomenal growth in science and technology. There is not really much difference in the number of notable positions held by students of both the prestigious institutions in various sectors.
Notable positions held by IITians in business/public/academic sectors have been mentioned in the table given below:
|Soumitra Dutta||IIT-Delhi||Dean of Cornell UniversityÃ¢â‚¬â„¢s Management School|
|Nikesh Arora||IIT-Varanasi||Senior Vice President and Chief Business Officer of Google|
|Ajit Jain||IIT-Kharagpur||President, Berkshire Hathaway Reinsurance Group, Director, Nimbkar Agricultural Research Institute|
|Arogyaswami Paulraj||IIT-Delhi||Professor, Stanford University|
|Bharat Desai||IIT-Bombay||Chairman and CEO, Syntel|
|Chetan Bhagat||IIT-Delhi||Best-selling author of Ã¢â‚¬Å“Five Point SomeoneÃ¢â‚¬Â and Ã¢â‚¬Å“One Night @ The Call CentreÃ¢â‚¬Â|
|V. C. Kulandaiswamy||IIT-Kharagpur||Padma Shri (1992) and Padma Bhushan (2002)|
|Arvind Kejriwal||IIT-Kharagpur||Former Chief Minister of Delhi, Founder of Aam Aadmi Party|
|Manohar Parikar||IIT-Bombay||Chief Minister of Goa|
|G. V. Loganathan||IIT-Kanpur||Professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Virginia Polytechnic Institute|
Notable positions held by students of NITs in business/public/academic sectors have been mentioned in the table given below:
|Dr. Rajesh Kumar Gupta||NIT Bhopal||Project Director, Agni 5, DRDO.|
|R.K. Wanchoo||NIT Srinagar||Executive Director, BHEL, Hyderabad|
|Sunil Dutt Sharma||NIT Srinagar||General Manager, Flovel Energy Pvt LTD, Faridabad|
|N Chandrasekaran||NIT, Trichy||Chief Executive Officer, Tata Consultancy Services|
|Prafulla Kumar Das||NIT, Rourkela (REC)||Engineer-in-Chief, Odisha (Retd.)|
|Nitish Kumar||NIT, Patna||Chief Minister of Bihar|
|Dawood Danesh Jafari||NIT, Srinagar||Minister of Finance & Economic Affairs, Iran|
|Ajit Jogi||NIT, Bhopal||First Chief Minister of Chhattisgarh|
|Hemant Karkare||NIT, Nagpur||Maharashtra Anti-Terrorism Squad (ATS) chief killed during the November 2008 Mumbai Terrorist Attacks.|
|Samir Barua||NIT, Nagpur||Director, Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad|
|Chitranjan Sahay||NIT, Jamshedpur||Chairman,Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Hartford|
|Baldev Raj||NIT, Raipur||Indian scientist and Former director of the Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research (IGCAR) in Kalpakkam, India.|
|Sudhir Vasudeva||NIT, Raipur||Gold Medalist in Chemical Engg. and CMD of the ONGC – Oil & Natural Gas Corporation, India|
Average Pay Package offered to Students of IITs and NITs
All companies across the world review various factors before determining average pay packages for students of IITs and NITs. Possibility of stretching this topic unnecessarily is high if we focus entirely on these factors. So to avoid confusion, we will review average pay packages in last 5 years offered to students of B.Tech at top IITs and NITs.
The average pay package offered to any IITian (B.Tech) is anywhere between Rs 43,750 and 48,000 monthly.
The average pay package offered to any student from NIT in (B.Tech) is anywhere between Rs Ã‚Â Ã‚Â Ã‚Â Ã‚Â Ã‚Â Ã‚Â Ã‚Â Ã‚Â Ã‚Â 45,000 and 52,000 monthly.
However, you must not forget that there is a lot of variance among these packages due to various factors. Salaries go up and down as per the ability of candidates and their academic performances.
Average pay packages vary for candidates receiving job offers from abroad. As per official records, finance companies offer best packages to their employees. Goldman Sachs, Tower Research Capital, and World Quant etc have offered 20 lpa to IITians.
Highest Pay Packages Offered to Students of IITs and NITs
The worldÃ¢â‚¬â„¢s attention turns to IITs and NITs every year with the news of fat pay packages offered to their students. But if we talk about who beats another when it comes to bagging the highest pay packages, then thereÃ¢â‚¬â„¢s a lot of disparity to witness here.
There are 12 IITians from IIT-Kanpur who have very recently bagged a fat pay package of Rs. 1 crore each. On the other hand, there is one incredible student from NIT who has bagged the highest pay packages ever in the history of Motilal Nehru National Institute of Technology (MNNIT) from Facebook of Rs. 1.34 crore.
But again, as in case of average pay packages offered to students of IITs and NITs, highest pay packages too depend entirely on candidatesÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ abilities, academic performances, and other important factors.
Academic and Extra-Academic Environment
Being two prime technology institutes of India, educational and college environment of the two donÃ¢â‚¬â„¢t really differ too much from each other. But, still, on various extra-academic factors, IITs are likely to score better than NITs.
The popularity of IITs among its engineering aspirants is highly driven by its educational and college environment. The ambience of IITs campus is both inspiring and vibrating with perfectly planned and aligned layout for the whole campus, libraries, and hostels.
NITsÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ infrastructure is good too if not the best. Obviously, it doesnÃ¢â‚¬â„¢t have infrastructure like MIT (USA) but whatever it has is impressive. With sophisticated libraries, hospitable classrooms, and beautiful hostels, NITs are definitely second to IITs in terms of infrastructure. They also have great computing facilities.
The courses and electives offered by NITs are highly impressive. Although chances of studying any subject of choice are rare in NITs, critics believe that the institution offers the best academic curriculum in engineering after IITs.
Fee Structure of IITs and NITs
Although both the engineering institutions are controlled by the fundamental bodies of the government of India, their fee structures are relatively different from each other. Fee structure of all IITs is higher than that of all NITs. LetÃ¢â‚¬â„¢s take a view of fee structures of IITs and NITs across India in general category.
Fee for courses like B.Tech, M.Tech, and MCA courses in NITs was Rs. 35,000 per year in 2013, which has now been increased to Rs 70,000 per year. This increased amount of fee will be effective from next academic session 2014-2015 in NITs.
In 2013, fee for all undergraduate programs such as B.Tech, M.Tech, and MCA in IITs was Rs. 50,000 per year, which was increased to Rs. 90,000 per year.
Students must also note that the fee structure in all IITs is not the same. There are some NITs with fees lower than Rs. 30,000 per year.
If report of standing committee on Human Resource Development is anything to go by then IITs, including those established recently, are undergoing a terrible shortage of faculty including.
According to standing committee, IIT-Hyderabad has a requirement of 85 faculty members while it currently has 74 faculty members. IIT-Bhubaneswar has total 50 faculty members against its requirement of 62 members.
Owing to this serious concern, most IITs have already started aggressive communication campaigns across the country to reach out to post docs and graduate students of top universities worldwide. IITs are also organizing meetings in various universities around the world.
NITs have also been facing shortage of quality faculty for a while now. And to address this problem as quickly as possible, a meeting was held at the NIT Council chaired by HRDM minister Kapil Sibal.
The discussion above is not only unbiased, but also highlights some major points that many engineering aspirants fail to consider while choosing an institution of their choice. The entire discussion revolves around giving students a reliable solution to help make them the most important decision of their academic careers. It will help all engineering aspirants compare the pros and cons of these two prime engineering institutions themselves and make decision accordingly.
Going through biased studies that are mostly available today can prove really frightening for students in their respective academic careers. Ã‚Â Modern generation now needs an unbiased platform from where it can view facts and take decision accordingly.
The discussion above is one such endeavor by us to help you gain better understanding of existing environment in IITs and NITs.
The UndisputedÃ¢â‚¬â€To Find the Real Truth behind IITs and BITS Disputed Dominance (BITS-Pilani Vs IIT)
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