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the electric field for two infinite plane sheet of same charge kept opposite to each other

the electric field for two infinite plane sheet of same charge kept opposite to each other

Grade:12

2 Answers

Arun
25763 Points
3 years ago

Let us today again discuss another application of gauss law of electrostatics that is to calculate Electric Field Due To Two Infinite Parallel Charged Sheets:-

Consider two parallel sheets of charge A and B with surface density  of σ and –σ respectively .The magnitude of intensity of electric field on either side, near a plane sheet of charge having surface charge density σ is given by

E=σ/2ε0

And it is directed normally away from the sheet of positive charge.

The resultant electric field intensity E at any point near the sheet,due to both the sheets A and B will be the vector sum due to the individual intensities set up by each sheet (try to make figure yourself).

We will now calculate the intensity of electric field at different points when the surface density of sheet B changes from +σ to –σ.The electric field E2 produced by it will be in opposite direction

At Point P:

At point P ,to the left of the sheets the intensities E1 and E2due to both the sheets are in opposite directions.As they are equal in magnitude,the resultant intensity E would be zero,that is,

E=E1-E2=σ/2ε0 –σ/2ε0=0

At point Q:

At a point Q ,mid way between the sheets,the intensities E1 and E2due to individual sheets are directed normally away from the sheet A or towards the sheet B .therefore, the resultant intensity E at Q is given as

E=E1+E2= σ/2ε0 +σ/2ε0

Or                                           E=σ/ε0

At Point R:

At a point R to the right of sheets,the intensities E1 and E2 are again in opposite directions.Since they are of equal magnitude ,the resultant intensity E would be zero,that is,

E=E1-E2= -σ/2ε0+ σ/2ε0=0

Conclusion. E due to two oppositely charged infinite plates is σ/ε0 at any point between the plates and is zero for all external points.

the above are the results for Electric Field Due To Two Infinite Parallel Charged Sheets

Kushagra Madhukar
askIITians Faculty 629 Points
8 months ago
Dear student,
Please find the answer to your question.
 
Consider two parallel sheets of charge A and B with surface density  of σ and –σ respectively .The magnitude of intensity of
electric field on either side, near a plane sheet of charge having surface charge density σ is given by
E=σ/2ε0
And it is directed normally away from the sheet of positive charge.
The resultant electric field intensity E at any point near the sheet,due to both the sheets A and B will be the vector sum due to
the individual intensities set up by each sheet (try to make figure yourself).
We will now calculate the intensity of electric field at different points when the surface density of sheet B changes from +σ to
–σ. The electric field E2 produced by it will be in opposite direction
 
At Point P:
At point P ,to the left of the sheets the intensities E1 and E2due to both the sheets are in opposite directions.As they
are equal in magnitude,the resultant intensity E would be zero,that is,
E=E1-E2=σ/2ε0 –σ/2ε0=0
 
At point Q:
At a point Q ,mid way between the sheets,the intensities E1 and E2due to individual sheets are directed normally away from the
sheet A or towards the sheet B .therefore, the resultant intensity E at Q is given as
E = E1+E2= σ/2ε0 +σ/2ε0                               Or                                       E=σ/ε0
 
At Point R:
At a point R to the right of sheets,the intensities E1 and E2 are again in opposite directions.Since they are of equal magnitude
,the resultant intensity E would be zero,that is,
E=E1-E2= -σ/2ε0+ σ/2ε0=0
 
Conclusion. E due to two oppositely charged infinite plates is σ/ε0 at any point between the plates and is zero for all external
points.
the above are the results for Electric Field Due To Two Infinite Parallel Charged Sheets
 
Thanks and regards,
Kushagra

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