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In millikan's experiment, an oil drop of radius 10 -4 cm remains suspended between the plates which are 1cm apart. If the drop has charge of 5e over it, calculate the potential difference between the plates. The density of oil may be taken as 1.5gcm -3 .

In millikan's experiment, an oil drop of radius 10-4cm remains suspended between the plates which are 1cm apart. If the drop has charge of 5e over it, calculate the potential difference between the plates. The density of oil may be taken as 1.5gcm-3.

Grade:12

4 Answers

Eshan
askIITians Faculty 2095 Points
3 years ago
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Arun
25763 Points
3 years ago
Dear Gaurav
 
If the oil drop is suspended stationary, then there would not be any viscous or drag force. If we draw the free body diagram for the oil drop, then the electric force acts in upward direction and the weight of the drop acts in downward direction. Which have to be equal. Therefore,
 
Fup  =Fdown
 
qV/d = mg
 
5*1.6*10^-19 * V/10^-2   = (4/3 * pi * R^3)* rho * 10
 
put R = 10^-6 m
rho = 1500 kg/m^3
 
then you will find V = 7.86 * 10^-36 Volt
 
Regards
Arun (askIITians forum expert)
Sami Ullah
46 Points
3 years ago
First I will give you the formula to calculate “V”.The droplet is suspended when,
 
F_{e}=F_{g}
qE=mg
q\frac{V}{d}=mg
V=\frac{mgd}{q}   
Now all we have to know is the mass of droplet.
 
m=\rho \times (Volume)
m=\rho \times (\frac{4}{3}\pi\times r^3)
m=(1500) \times (\frac{4}{3}\pi\times (10^{-6})^3)
m=6.3\times 10^{-15} kg
 
Now back to the equation,
 
V=\frac{(6.3\times 10^{-15})(10)(10^{-2})}{5\times 1.6\times 10^{-19}}
 
V=787.5 Volts
 
Please notify if the awnser is correct.The approach is correct but awnser can be different due to calculations.
Further I converted all the measuremests to standard S.I units. 
Arun
25763 Points
3 years ago
Sorry for mistake in calculations
 
You will get the answer as 
 
\approx 785 Volt
 
Hope it helps
 
Regards
Arun (askIITians forum expert)

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