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A solid sphere of uniform density and radius 4 units is located with centre at origin.Two spheres of equal radii 1 unit, with centres at A(-2,0,0) and B (2,0,0) are taken out of the solidleaving behind spherical cavities.Then: the gravitational force due to this at origin is zero. the gravitational force at B is zero the gravitational potential is same at all points of the circle y 2 + z 2 = 36 the gravitational potential at all points on the circle y 2 + z 2 = 4

A solid sphere of uniform density and radius 4 units is located with centre at origin.Two spheres of equal radii 1 unit, with centres at A(-2,0,0) and B (2,0,0) are taken out of the solidleaving behind spherical cavities.Then:
  1. the gravitational force due to this at origin is zero.
  2. the gravitational force at B is zero
  3. the gravitational potential is same at all points of the circle y2+ z2= 36
  4. the gravitational potential at all points on the circle y+ z2= 4
 

Grade:12

1 Answers

Mallikarjun Maram
50 Points
6 years ago
p { margin-bottom: 0.25cm; line-height: 120%; }p { margin-bottom: 0.25cm; line-height: 120%; }

Dear student, please see the picture below.

p { margin-bottom: 0.25cm; line-height: 120%; }

Let

= gravitational field due to sphere A (if it were present at that position)

= gravitational field due to sphere B (if it were present at that position)

= gravitational field due to remaining portion after the cavities are made.

Then from superposition principle, we can see that , as the force due to entire sphere is zero at center.

Now since due to symmetry.

Hence , hence option option (i) is correct

Now at B,

Field due to entire sphere is given by ,

whereas , where m = mass of sphere A = M/64

and

From superposition principle, we have

,

Hence option (ii) is not correct.

Regarding Potential at a point on , we can see that the radius of the circle is 6 units, however, all the points on it are symmetrically located from remaining sphere. Hence potential must be same at every point on this circle. Same logic holds for the circle also, though this circle lies inside the remaining sphere.

Hence options (iii) and (iv) are also correct.

Hence options (i), (iii) and (iv) are correct.

 

Note, we can use superposition principle to calculate the potential at these points,

In option (iii) it will be equal to

In option (iv) it will be equal to

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