Guest

The equations kcosx - 3sinx=k+1 is solvable only if k belongs to the interval?

The equations kcosx - 3sinx=k+1 is solvable only if k belongs to the interval?

Grade:12th Pass

1 Answers

Praneetha reddy
36 Points
9 years ago

k(cos x) - 3(sin x) = k + 1
k(cos x) - (k + 1) = 3(sin x)
[k(cos x) - (k + 1)]^2 = [3(sin x)]^2
k^2cos^2x - 2k(k + 1)(cos x) + (k + 1)^2 = 9sin^2x
k^2cos^2x - (2k^2 + 2k)(cos x) + (k + 1)^2 = 9(1 - cos^2x)
(k^2 + 9)cos^2x - (2k^2 + 2k)(cos x) + (k^2 + 2k - 8) = 0

Here we have a quadratic equation in terms of (cos x).
This equation is only solvable when the determinant b² - 4ac greater than or equal to 0, otherwise the solution will be complex.

b² - 4ac greater than or equal to 0
[-(2k^2 + 2k)]^2 - 4(k^2 + 9)(k^2 + 2k - 8) greater than or equal to 0
(4k^4 + 8k^3 + 4k^2) - (4k^4 + 8k^3 + 4k^2 + 72k - 288) greater than or equal to 0
-72k + 288 greater than or equal to 0
72k less than or equal to 288
k less than or equal to 4

i.e. -infinity<k<4

= k belongs to (-infinity, 4]

Think You Can Provide A Better Answer ?

Provide a better Answer & Earn Cool Goodies See our forum point policy

ASK QUESTION

Get your questions answered by the expert for free